Uttoxeter Names on Obscure Lists

Beyond parish registers, newspapers and census returns the names of some Uttoxeter residents turn up in obscure places. Here are some of them. Occupations are taken from trade directories of 1818 and 1834, or from the sources themselves.

William Pitt, A Topographical History of Staffordshire (London: 1817)

Name of Subscriber Occupation
George Alsop Surgeon
Michael Bass
James Bell Banker
Revd Thomas Best
Samuel Botham
Thomas Hart
Benjamin Hodgson
Clement Kynnersley
Edward Mallabar
Mr T. S. Robinson
Job Shaw Master of house of industry
Herbert Taylor Doctor

 

Thomas Fernyhough, Military Memoirs of Four Brothers, Natives of Staffordshire Engaged in the Service of their Country as well in the New World and Africa, as on the Continent of Europe, by the Survivor (London: 1829)

Name of Subscriber Occupation
Mrs Alsop
Mrs Bladon
James Bell Banker
Mr James Cook Minister
Mrs Flint
Miss Godwin
William Garle Druggist
Alexander Kennedy M.D
Mrs Perkin
Mr Smith
Herbert Taylor M.D.
Thomas Woolrich Druggist

 

Deed of Settlement of the Northern and Central Bank of England, established 1834 (Manchester: printed by henry Smith, 1835)

Name Occupation
John Garle Red Lion
Samuel Garle Draper

A list of the Country Banks of England and Wales, private and proprietary; also of the names of all the shareholders of joint stock banks (London: M. A. Marchant, 1838)

Name Occupation
Francis Blagg Attorney
John Cooke Minister
William Dafforn Evarard Darper
John Garle Red Lion
Samuel Garle Draper
Joseph Haigh
Maria Howe
Richard Keates Ironmonger
William Porter Ironmonger
Herbert Taylor Doctor
John Vernon

 

Commercial Bank of England

Name Occupation
John Cooke Minister
William Dafforn Evarard Draper
Joseph Bladon esq., Oldfield House
Francis Blagg Attorney
Joseph Haigh
Maria Howe
John Vernon

Derby and Derbyshire Banking Company

Name Occupation
John Cooke Minister
Richard Keates Ironmonger
William Porter Ironmonger
Herbert Taylor Doctor
John Vernon

Manchester and Liverpool Banking Company

Name Occupation
Richard Keates Ironmonger
William Porter Ironmonger

Northern and Central Bank of England

Name Occupation
Joseph Haigh

George Elwick, The Bankrupt Directory being a complete register of all the bankrupts with their residences, trades and dates when they appeared in the London Gazette December 1820–April 1843 (1843).

Date Name Occupation
16 June 1821 John Billingham Nailmaker
4 Jan 1825 Thomas Smith Tanner
3 July 1829 Joseph Norris Draper
11 Nov 1831 George Alsop Surgeon
26 July 1836 Thomas Blair Money Scrivener
9 June 1837 William Perkin Timber Merchant
26 April 1842 Charles Holbrook Plumber and Glazier

 

Bradshaw’s Railway Gazette vol. 1, (London: William James Adams; Manchester: Bradshaw and Blacklock, 1845)

Leeds, Huddersfield, Sheffield and South Staffordshire, or Leeds, Wolverhampton and Dudley Direct Railway Provisional Committee

Name Occupation
Henry Arnold Cheese Factor
George Benwell
Robert Blurton Banker, Smallwood Manor
Revd J. Cooke Independent Minister
Thomas Earp Cheese Factor
Samuel Garle Draper, royal Exchange Insurance Agent
William Garle Druggist
Lawrence Richard Corbett Wandfield Hall, Uttoxeter
Richard Lassetter Surgeon (Registrar of Births and Deaths 1851)
James Lassettter Wine & Spirit Merchant, Cheese Factor
John Minors Gent, the Parks
William Phillips Springfield Hall, Uttoxeter
Thomas Woolrich Druggist
Charles Wood Union Clerk (1851)

 

Hyde Clark, The Railway Register and Record of Public Enterprise for Railways, Mines, Patents, Inventions vol. 2 (London: John Wall, 1845)

Direct East and West Junction Railway, Kidderminster to Hereford Provisional Committee

Name Occupation
Henry Arnold
Benjamin Bell
George Benwell
Thomas Brindley Grocer and Tea Dealer
Revd J. Cooke
Samuel Garle Draper
William Garle Druggist
John Minors The Parks

The British and Foreign Railway Review vol, 1, (London: Effingham Wilson, October 1845)

Leeds, Huddersfield, Sheffield and South Staffordshire Railway

Name Occupation
William Garle Druggist

Staffordshire and North Midlands Junction Railway

Name Occupation
John Earp Director

Remington’s Direct London and Manchester Railway

Name Occupation
Henry Arnold Director

Direct Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Worcestershire Junction Direct East and West

Name Occupation
Revd John Cooke Director
Thomas Brindley Director
Richard Lassetter Director
C. Wood Director

William Dafforn Evarard (1786–1870), Linen and Woollen Draper

Thomas Evarard (1745–1808) of Attleborough, near Nuneaton, Warwickshire married Elizabeth Dafforn (1756–1829) of Tamworth on 26 December 1782. They had eight children: Elizabeth (1781–1849), William Dafforn (1786–1870), Mary (1788–1844), Hannah Maria (1791–1860), John (1791–1829), Joseph (1794–1850), Susannah (1799–1862), and Jane (1800–1831).

White’s 1834 directory, and poll books of the early 1830s list William Dafforn Evarard as a linen and woollen draper in High Street, Uttoxeter. By 1841 he and his wife Sarah were living in Market Place alongside Henry Lawrence, Edward Kelsey, and Anna Leaves, all drapers’ assistants, and servant Leah Morley.

Between 1844 when the poll book for that year recorded him as living in a freehold house in the Market Place and his death aged 83 in 1870, Evarard had returned to Warwickshire with his wife and was living at 8 Union Street, Coventry. His probated estate was under £5,000.

Everard’s pre-printed bills state clearly ‘ready money only’, but this was evidently to encourage prompt payment rather than a strictly enforced business maxim. A bill sent to the overseers for calico, thread, and tape costing £1-7-9 dated 29 April 1831, for example, took two months to settle. Goods were supplied to both the workhouses in Uttoxeter and Doveridge, and to individuals in receipt of poor relief including ‘Brassington’ who was given five yards of Welsh flannel and ‘Ward’ who was given a w[oolle]n frock in 1832.  In the 1830s the range of goods supplied to Uttoxeter’s overseers varied little: calico, tape, cotton, thread, Welsh flannel, brown sheeting, moleskin, buttons, and cord.

Everard’s business success enabled him to invest in the local infrastructure and to contribute to charity. In 1838 his name appeared as a shareholder in the Commercial Bank of England and in 1836 he made a £1-1-0 contribution to a missionary charity.

Sources

1841 Census HO 107/1007/15

1832 and 1844 Poll Books and Electoral Registers 1538–1893

A list of the Country Banks of England and Wales, private and proprietary; also of the names of all the shareholders of joint stock banks (London: M. A. Marchant, 1838)

National Probate Calendar 5 April 1870, William Dafforn Everard effects under £5,000.

SRO, D3891/6/37/3/4, Uttoxeter overseers’ vouchers, 18 June 1831

SRO, D3891/6/37/10/14, Uttoxeter overseers’ vouchers, 12 January 1832

SRO, D3891/6/37/12/69, Uttoxeter overseers’ vouchers, 7 February–8 March 1832

SRO, D3891/6/40/10/4, Uttoxeter overseers’ vouchers, 23 January 1834

SRO, D3891/6/40/16/5, Uttoxeter overseers’ vouchers, 28 June 1836

SRO, D3891/6/40/16/17, Uttoxeter overseers’ vouchers, 28 June 1836

The Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle vol. 14 (London: Frederick Westley and A. H. Davis, 1836)

William White, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire (1834)

N.B. This biography is a work in progress and will probably be amended as further information from vouchers and other sources becomes available.

George Hammond, Uttoxeter Wharf, 1792 – 1835

George Hammond was baptised at St. Bartholomew, Norton in the Moors on 16 Sept 1792 the only son, and second of 4 children to James and Hannah Hammond. At the time of George’s baptism they were residing at Woodhouse Lane but there was no occupation given for James. His sisters were:-

  1. Mary bapt 4 Sept 1791
  2. Anna bapt 13 Nov 1796
  3. Edna bapt 22 Mar 1801

George Hammond, Boatman, of Norton married Elizabeth Bourne, also of Norton, at St. Peter’s, Stoke on Trent on 27 Dec 1814

Only one child has been found for George and that was Ann, who was baptised just before their marriage on 30 May 1814 as Ann daughter of George Hammond and Elizabeth Bourne of Baddeley Edge.  (Baddeley Edge and Norton in the Moors are quite close together)

The Derby Mercury on 21 October 1835 announced his death –  “On Sunday the 4th inst., greatly respected, Mr. George Hammond of the Wharf, Uttoxeter” and according to St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter, Parish Records, he was buried on 6 Oct 1835 age 45.

There is no record of exactly when George and Elizabeth moved to Uttoxeter but amongst the pauper’s vouchers[i] George signs several receipts for large amounts of coal supplied to the Workhouse brick kiln through 1830 and 1831. With an additional one in an account book for 1824-28[ii] with an unspecified date, when George Hammond was paid £73 13s 3½ d. for supplying coal to the brickyard from Sparrow and Hales. (https://www.measuringworth.com/ukcompare/ calculates that £73 13s 3½ d in 1828 converts to around £5,690.00 in 2015’s value.)

The ones in 1830 show he was agent for Charles Hales and later in 1831 he was also agent for Richard Godwin and Co.                                                                                                             White’s 1834 Trade Directory lists Geo. Hammond as agent for Sparrow & Co. Coal Merchant at Canal Wharf. (This was 1 of 3 Coal merchants at Uttoxeter Wharf, the others being Hazlecross Coal Co. agent Sampson Rhead and Woodhead Coal Co. agent John Bould)

Piggot & Co 1835 Trade Directory under Coal Dealers has George Hammond agent for Charles Hales, Uttoxeter Wharf.

Possibly George and Elizabeth went to Uttoxeter Wharf when the Tramroad from Cheadle opened in 1827.

The following timeline is according to http://www.churnet.co.uk/timeline.htm

1807 Ten years after the first Act of Parliament, construction of the Uttoxeter Canal finally starts.                                                                                                                                                            1808 Construction of the Woodhead Tramroad begins, to carry coal from the Woodhead Colliery, near Cheadle, to the Uttoxeter Canal at East Wall.                                                        1811 On Tuesday the 3rd of September, the Uttoxeter Canal finally reaches Uttoxeter.     1812 Construction of the Woodhead Tramroad runs out of money and a half share is offered for sale. There are no takers.                                                                                                                 1827 Alton Wire Mill opens and the Woodhead Tramroad is finally completed.

(The Uttoxeter Canal was not profitable and closed in the mid 1840s.)

Herbert A Chester in his book Cheadle Coal Town (ISBN 0 9506686 1 3) published a map of the Tramway showing how the Woodhead Colliery and other Cheadle Collieries sent the coal to Uttoxeter wharf.

woodhead-tramway

This Tramway is now disused but its path can be found in places.

geograph-4616502-by-ian-calderwoodtramway

http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/4616502 The Gibridding Incline on the Woodhead Tramroad for SK0344                                                                                                                                “One of the paths through Gibridding Wood follows part of the line of the Gibridding Incline. An inclined plane was required to let coal wagons down from the valley side to the valley bottom. This incline was probably self-acting, in which the descending loaded wagons are linked to ascending empties by a continuous rope or chain, controlled by a brake. The loaded wagons, with their greater weight, thus, pull the empties up as they descend.”

As well as coal George had other irons in the fire as is shown by an advertisement in the Staffordshire Advertiser on 13 February 1830 “TO be SOLD, at Uttoxeter Wharf, three BOATS, suitable for the carriage of coals or limestone.— For particulars, apply to George Hammond, or Wm. Ratcliffe.                                                                                                                  N.B.—All persons who stand indebted to Mr. James Bell for Lime are requested to pay their accounts to George Hammond, Uttoxeter, 8 Feb 1830”

(NB James Bell was a local Banker)

This suggests that George may have been the Manager of the wharf (Wharfinger) 

After George’s death in 1835 his widow Elizabeth continued working as a coal dealer at Uttoxeter Wharf according to the 1841 Census when she was there with her daughter Ann.

Whether it was after the marriage of her daughter in 1844 (at Uttoxeter) when Ann Bourne Hammond daughter of George Hammond deceased, married Samuel Cave Fidgeon of Cannock, a Farmer, or the closure of the canal but by the 1851 census Elizabeth has moved back to Baddeley Edge, Norton in the Moors. There Elizabeth Hammond, widow age 55, was running a small farm and gave her birth place as Norton [presumably Norton in the Moors] Next door to her was Ralph Mellart Smith and Edna Smith who have with them Ralph’s Father in Law, James Hammond, aged 83 a proprietor of houses. Edna is probably George’s sister and James his Father.

Elizabeth remained there until her death in 1886. Elizabeth Hammond of Baddeley Edge was buried 7 Sept 1886 aged 93, at St. Philip & St. James, Milton

[i] Stafford Record Office Ref. D3891/35/6/with various sub bundles

[ii] D 3891/6/36/8/29

Thomas Parker: Notes on a Possible Scandal?

From 1815 the law forbade officers of the Poor Law from profiting from their civic positions by awarding contracts to themselves for the supply of goods and services. Thomas Parker was master of Uttoxeter workhouse in the early 1830s, but the poor law vouchers show that he was also charging the parish for goods supplied to the workhouse from his grocery business. In themselves the majority of goods are typical of those supplied by other grocers, but one item caught our attention: copperas (ferrous sulphate). This was a favourite ingredient used to ‘revive’ used tea leaves by boiling the leaves with the copperas. This set me thinking about other ingredients that were used to adulterate food and drink. Many such as cocculus indicus (an extract of the South East Asian fish berry containing a poisonous picro-toxin related to curare), opium, and oil of vitriol (dilute sulphuric acid) were illegal and harmful. Others including liquorice, treacle, pepper and ginger were often used to add flavour to beer. Although not harmful, they were cheaper substitutes for ingredients such as malt and hops. Uttoxeter workhouse produced beer, bought malt, hops, and barm to brew (fermented froth produced during the malting process); there are frequent purchases of liquorice, treacle, pepper and ginger. Were the workhouse masters using such ingredients in a fraudulent capacity?

Sources

SRO, D3891/6/34/9/10a, settled bill to Thomas Parker, 4–29 October 1829

SRO, D3891/6/37/2/8, handwritten invoice, Michael Clewley, 31 May 1831

SRO D3891/6/37/3/10, handwritten invoice Bagshaw and Son, 9 April–28 May 1831

Nancy Cox, Retailing and the Language of Goods 1550–1820 (London: Routledge, 2016)

Peter Shears, ‘Food Fraud – A Current Issue but an Old Problem’, Plymouth Law Review (2008)

N.B. This is a work in progress and will probably be amended as further information from vouchers and other sources becomes available.

Sarah Webberley 1766 – 1830

Sarah was born Sarah Corden and was the second of 4 Children of Arthur and Elizabeth Corden.

  1. Mary Bapt 10 May 1764
  2. Sarah bapt 6 July 1766
  3. Arthur bapt 19 Sept 1770
  4. William Bapt 29 July 1773

Edward Webberley a bachelor had married Jenny Cordwell a widow by Licence on 4 Dec 1793 at Uttoxeter, when his occupation is given as Shoemaker.  However the 1791 Universal Directory of Britain lists Edward Webberley, Victualler, so either he had dual occupations or the Marriage Licence is an error.

Children of Edward and Jenny Webberley.

  1. Mary bapt 5 Nov 1795, buried 28 Nov 1796
  2. Mary bapt 12 Jun 1797
  3. Sarah bapt 8 Aug 1804

Jenny buried as Jane Webberley, wife of Edward 5 Dec 1805 at St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter.

Sarah married rather late in life at the age of 42 on 7 March 1808 when she married Edward Webberley, a widower at St. Mary’s Uttoxeter. According to the Marriage Licence Sarah Corden was spinster and Edward gave his occupation as Victualler.

No evidence has been found for any children from the marriage of Edward and Sarah.

Edward Webberley died Intestate, on 20 Aug 1830 with Goods to the value of £600. Administration was to Sarah Webberley, his widow, whose signature appears on the papers.

Edward was buried in St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter on 24 Aug 1830 aged 66

Sarah presumably continued to run the business left by her Husband as White’s 1834 Directory lists her as running the Union Public House on Uttoxeter Heath.

Uttoxeter Paupers Vouchers reference D3891/6/37/12/51, dated 8 Sep 1832 shows 9 gallons of Ale delivered to the Workhouse at a cost of 15 shillings; receipt signed by Sarah Wibberley. The name appears to be written variously as Wibberley and Webberley, sometimes both in the same document.

 

Sarah Webberley died 18 Sept 1839 whilst visiting relations in Stafford  (Mary Corden married Thomas Bromley on 20 Jan 1830).

Staffordshire Gazette and County Standard 21 September 1839

On Wednesday, an inquest was held before the same Coroner, [Robert Fowke] at the Wagon & Horses on the body of Mrs. Sarah Wibberley, Aged 73.
Deceased had been for the last five weeks on a visit to Mr. Thomas Bromley. She retired to rest the previous night a little before ten o’clock apparently in her usual state of health, only complaining of a pain in her arm: but on the servant going to call her the next morning, she was found a corpse quite cold.

Verdict, ” Died by the visitation of God.”

Sarah died leaving a Will written 4 Jan 1838.

In this she left several bequests;-

  1. £100 to Ellen Corden d/o her late nephew Arthur Corden. Payable when she is 21.
  2. £19 19s 6d to Edward Pegg, s/o George Pegg to be paid at her brother’s decease.
  3. £19 19s 6d to Thomas Chatfield the elder, Joiner, residing at the Heath. To be paid at her brother’s decease.
  4. £19 19s 6d to her trusty servant Robert Abberley in addition to his yearly wages.
  5. All her household, Messuages, Dwelling houses, land Tenements, yards, Gardens, Stables, Barnes, Outbuildings, hereditaments and premises belonging in the Parish of Uttoxeter to her beloved brother Arthur Corden and his heirs.
  6. Her personal estate, household goods and chattels and cattle, unto him [presumably Arthur Corden]

Arthur Corden executor.

Signed Sarah Webberley [very shakey.]

Wit; Elizabeth Lowndes, Mary Branich, Chas Smyth.

Proved at Shrewsbury 23 Oct 1840

Under £200

The beneficiaries of Sarah’s Will;-

Ellen Corden was Baptised in Uttoxeter, on 27th Feb 1828 the daughter of Arthur and Ellen Corden and Arthur was a Maltster. (Arthur was buried in Uttoxeter on 26 April 1831 aged 27)

Thomas Chatfield was the husband of Sarah’s Step daughter.

Staffordshire Advertiser 12 December 1829

Marriage – “On Wednesday last, Mr. Thomas Chatfield, joiner, Uttoxeter, to Sarah, youngest daughter of Mr. Edward Wibberlev. of the Heath, near Uttoxeter.”

Edward Pegg – no relationship proved but he was baptised in St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter as Edward Webberley Pegg on 31 July 1819 son of George and Jane Pegg.

George Pegg, a widower and Auctioneer was married to Jane Dudley, Widow at Uttoxeter on  26 Feb 1811. Witnesses were Edward and Sarah Webberley.

Arthur Corden – Sarah’s younger brother; Arthur was married and had several children and was Farming at Haughmond, Salop when he died in 1856. His Will indicates that he inherited the Union Inn, Uttoxeter from Sarah and he left it to his son Richard Corden.

How long Arthur had been in Shropshire is unknown but he appears to have been in Uttoxeter in 1825 as evidenced by the following unless they refer to his son.

Staffordshire Advertiser 11 June 1825 SALE

LOT 2.—All that Dwelling-House, with parlour, kitchen, bed rooms, brewhouse, cellar, and garden, as, and adjoining lot 1, in the occupation
of Mr. Arthur Corden, with the addition of a ladder-shed, and potatoe-cave; together with a Building (lying to the same), used by Mr. Joseph Cartledge as a hatter’s-shop, and which might at a small expence, be converted into a dwelling house.

Staffordshire Advertiser 26 November 1825

For sale at Uttoxeter by Auction by Mr Pegg. On 7th Dec.

ALL those two complete MESSUAGES, (having sashed fronts), situate in Bradley Street, Uttoxeter, tenanted by Mrs. Chivere and Mr. Arthur Corden; and also two Dwelling-Houses lying behind the same, occupied by Mr. William Hubbard and Mr. John Tabbernor; together with a stable, gig house, slaughter-house, piggeries, ladder-shed, potatoe-cave, large garden, and other conveniences thereto, rented by different persons.

The premises are in good repair, situation desirable, and will be offered for sale, so as the investment will pay near 7/- per cent, and if more suitable to a purchaser, the
whole, (or any part) of the purchase monies, may remain on satisfactory security, at a reasonable rate of interest
The same may be viewed by applying to the said William Hubbard and particulars had on reference to Mr. HUBBARD, Cheadle.