George Hammond was baptised at St. Bartholomew, Norton in the Moors on 16 Sept 1792 the only son, and second of 4 children to James and Hannah Hammond. At the time of George’s baptism they were residing at Woodhouse Lane but there was no occupation given for James. His sisters were:-
- Mary bapt 4 Sept 1791
- Anna bapt 13 Nov 1796
- Edna bapt 22 Mar 1801
George Hammond, Boatman, of Norton married Elizabeth Bourne, also of Norton, at St. Peter’s, Stoke on Trent on 27 Dec 1814
Only one child has been found for George and that was Ann, who was baptised just before their marriage on 30 May 1814 as Ann daughter of George Hammond and Elizabeth Bourne of Baddeley Edge. (Baddeley Edge and Norton in the Moors are quite close together)
The Derby Mercury on 21 October 1835 announced his death – “On Sunday the 4th inst., greatly respected, Mr. George Hammond of the Wharf, Uttoxeter” and according to St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter, Parish Records, he was buried on 6 Oct 1835 age 45.
There is no record of exactly when George and Elizabeth moved to Uttoxeter but amongst the pauper’s vouchers[i] George signs several receipts for large amounts of coal supplied to the Workhouse brick kiln through 1830 and 1831. With an additional one in an account book for 1824-28[ii] with an unspecified date, when George Hammond was paid £73 13s 3½ d. for supplying coal to the brickyard from Sparrow and Hales. (https://www.measuringworth.com/ukcompare/ calculates that £73 13s 3½ d in 1828 converts to around £5,690.00 in 2015’s value.)
The ones in 1830 show he was agent for Charles Hales and later in 1831 he was also agent for Richard Godwin and Co. White’s 1834 Trade Directory lists Geo. Hammond as agent for Sparrow & Co. Coal Merchant at Canal Wharf. (This was 1 of 3 Coal merchants at Uttoxeter Wharf, the others being Hazlecross Coal Co. agent Sampson Rhead and Woodhead Coal Co. agent John Bould)
Piggot & Co 1835 Trade Directory under Coal Dealers has George Hammond agent for Charles Hales, Uttoxeter Wharf.
Possibly George and Elizabeth went to Uttoxeter Wharf when the Tramroad from Cheadle opened in 1827.
The following timeline is according to http://www.churnet.co.uk/timeline.htm
1807 Ten years after the first Act of Parliament, construction of the Uttoxeter Canal finally starts. 1808 Construction of the Woodhead Tramroad begins, to carry coal from the Woodhead Colliery, near Cheadle, to the Uttoxeter Canal at East Wall. 1811 On Tuesday the 3rd of September, the Uttoxeter Canal finally reaches Uttoxeter. 1812 Construction of the Woodhead Tramroad runs out of money and a half share is offered for sale. There are no takers. 1827 Alton Wire Mill opens and the Woodhead Tramroad is finally completed.
(The Uttoxeter Canal was not profitable and closed in the mid 1840s.)
Herbert A Chester in his book Cheadle Coal Town (ISBN 0 9506686 1 3) published a map of the Tramway showing how the Woodhead Colliery and other Cheadle Collieries sent the coal to Uttoxeter wharf.
This Tramway is now disused but its path can be found in places.
http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/4616502 The Gibridding Incline on the Woodhead Tramroad for SK0344 “One of the paths through Gibridding Wood follows part of the line of the Gibridding Incline. An inclined plane was required to let coal wagons down from the valley side to the valley bottom. This incline was probably self-acting, in which the descending loaded wagons are linked to ascending empties by a continuous rope or chain, controlled by a brake. The loaded wagons, with their greater weight, thus, pull the empties up as they descend.”
As well as coal George had other irons in the fire as is shown by an advertisement in the Staffordshire Advertiser on 13 February 1830 “TO be SOLD, at Uttoxeter Wharf, three BOATS, suitable for the carriage of coals or limestone.— For particulars, apply to George Hammond, or Wm. Ratcliffe. N.B.—All persons who stand indebted to Mr. James Bell for Lime are requested to pay their accounts to George Hammond, Uttoxeter, 8 Feb 1830”
(NB James Bell was a local Banker)
This suggests that George may have been the Manager of the wharf (Wharfinger)
After George’s death in 1835 his widow Elizabeth continued working as a coal dealer at Uttoxeter Wharf according to the 1841 Census when she was there with her daughter Ann.
Whether it was after the marriage of her daughter in 1844 (at Uttoxeter) when Ann Bourne Hammond daughter of George Hammond deceased, married Samuel Cave Fidgeon of Cannock, a Farmer, or the closure of the canal but by the 1851 census Elizabeth has moved back to Baddeley Edge, Norton in the Moors. There Elizabeth Hammond, widow age 55, was running a small farm and gave her birth place as Norton [presumably Norton in the Moors] Next door to her was Ralph Mellart Smith and Edna Smith who have with them Ralph’s Father in Law, James Hammond, aged 83 a proprietor of houses. Edna is probably George’s sister and James his Father.
Elizabeth remained there until her death in 1886. Elizabeth Hammond of Baddeley Edge was buried 7 Sept 1886 aged 93, at St. Philip & St. James, Milton
[i] Stafford Record Office Ref. D3891/35/6/with various sub bundles
[ii] D 3891/6/36/8/29