Ellen Underhill (Apprentice) 1816 – 1899.

Ellen was most probably baptised Eleanor at St. Michael’s, Tettenhall Regis, on 1st Sept 1816 and was the daughter of Thomas and Hannah Underhill of Tettenhall. Thomas was a Locksmith.

Thomas Underhill was probably buried at St. Peter’s Wolverhampton on 7th Jan 1825 and Ellen’s mother Hannah was probably buried on 19 Nov 1828 again at St. Peter’s, Wolverhampton.

This would have left Ellen / Eleanor an orphan at the age of 12 with a 6 year old sister and so far I have only identified the one sibling who was Mary baptised 20 Oct 1822 at Tettenhall.

Presumably Ellen was apprenticed out by the Overseers of the Poor of Tettenhall as the Poor Law vouchers at Stafford Record Office contain a letter[i] to the Overseers dated 24 April 1833. It was a “Notice of re-assignment”. This was to Re- assign Ellen Underhill, Apprentice, from John Williams, Liquor merchant to John Bingham, Gardener, of Tettenhall. This was “Objected” at the Vestry meeting 25 April 1833.  Unfortunately there does not appear to be any Vestry Minutes for that year in Stafford Record Office.

Whites 1834 Directory lists John Williams as a Baker and flour dealer in King St. Wolverhampton which may not be the same man.

In 1841[ii] Ellen was working as a female servant for Samuel Marston a victualler in Canal St. Wolverhampton. Whites 1834 Directory lists Samuel Marston at the Dog and Partridge, Canal St.

Ellen’s sister Mary was also in Wolverhampton in 1841 working for Samuel Whitehouse, a Publican, and his family in Bilston St.

Ellen was married on 4 Aug 1842 at St. Peter’s Wolverhampton, to William Fulford aged 19 a puddler, father B. Fulford, a locksmith. Ellen was of full-age and named her Father as T. Underhill, dead. Both William and Ellen signed X.

Mary married on 15 Aug 1842 again at St. Peter’s, Wolverhampton to William Tuckley of Wednesfield, of full age, Locksmith, and his father was also William and a Locksmith.  Mary names her father as Thos. Underhill, Deceased. Again both William and Mary sign X.

According to St. James’ parish records, Wolverhampton, Ellen and William Fulford had a daughter Ann baptised on 12 Oct1845 giving an abode of Wolverhampton and St. Peter’s Wolverhampton records Lucy baptised on 12 Aug 1847 when they lived in Walsall Street.

The 1851 census[iii] records them in East Street, Wolverhampton, as does the 1861 Census[iv].

By 1871[v] Ellen had moved to Pearson Street to live with her daughter Lucy and Lucy’s husband Joseph Beech a japanner, together with their children. Although Ellen is recorded as married there is no sign of William who appears to die in 1872 aged 49.[vi] Ellen’s daughter Ann is also with them having married Arthur Dolphin, a soldier[vii] in 1864. There is no sign of Arthur either but Ann has a son James Dolphin born 1867.

The 1881 Census[viii] shows that Ellen has moved again and is in 15 Steven’s Gate now recorded as a widow and she has her daughter Ann living with her also recorded as a widow.  Ann Dolphin is working as a boot fitter and her son James Dolphin age 14 is working as a brass dresser.

At St. John’s, Wolverhampton on 27 April 1890 Ann Dolphin, widow, married Henry Drickwater also a widower who was a Shoe maker Both signed.  Ann Died in Wolverhampton in Dec quarter 1908.[ix]

The 1891 Census[x] reveals that Ellen was being supported by her grandson James Dolphin who was a horse keeper and they were again living in Pearson St. Wolverhampton. On this census she is named as Eleanor Fulford.

Ellen Fulford died in 1899[xi] aged 82.

The various census entries reveal that Ellen’s daughter Lucy married Joseph Beech a Japanner and they had 8 children – William, Joseph, Lucy, Alice, Caroline, Thomas, Frank and Colin. By 1901 the family had moved to Birmingham and Lucy was widowed by 1911  and she died in Birmingham in the March quarter 1924[xii]

[i] D571/A/PO/70/80

[ii] HO107/999/4folio 49

[iii] HO107/2019 folio 462

[iv] RG9/1995 folio 51

[v] RG10/2931 folio 97

[vi] FreeBMD.org.uk

[vii] FreeBMD.org.uk

[viii] RG11/2794 folio 15

[ix] FreeBMD.org.uk

[x] RG12/2227 folio 70

[xi] FreeBMD.org.uk

[xii] FreeBMD.org.uk

Mary Willington and family of Tettenhall

Mary was probably baptised on 16 Oct 1774 at St. Michael’s, Tettenhall and she was the daughter of William and Esther Nichols.

Mary Nichols Married Charles Willington at St Michaels, Tettenhall on 26 Dec 1803 when both signed X.

Charles Willington of Tettenhall Wood was buried on 23 Dec 1837 at St Michael & All Angels, Tettenhall Regis, aged 58.

Mary Willington of Tettenhall Wood was Buried 12 Jan 1852 at St Michael & All Angels, Tettenhall Regis, age 77

Charles and Mary had 3 children. (Tettenhall Regis, St Michael & All Angels Parish Records)

  1. Ann baptised 24 Oct 1804
  2. Joseph baptised 14 Feb 1808
  3. Mary baptised 13 May 1811

Tettenhall Poor Law Vouchers include a Receipt (ref D571/A/PO69/1) dated 30 Jan 1833, when Mary Willington was paid 5s 0d for “Attendance at Sarah Blakemore’s Labour”, it was paid by the Overseers and Mary signed X.

On first seeing the receipt it was assumed that Mary was a Midwife but as she lived until 1852 she was found in the 1851 Census[i] listed as a widow aged 75, occupation Pauper/ laundress

Adjoining folios showed more laundresses so the whole of the Tettenhall parish census folios were examined to find how many more laundresses were there, and to see if there was any indication of a commercial Laundry or one belonging to the Workhouse. Nothing indicated either. No laundries are listed in the trade directories either. (Data added to a separate post)

The 1841 Census does not list many women’s occupations therefore just the 1851 Census was used and the following figures were found.

There was a total of 80 Women who listed themselves as either laundresses or washer women. Of these 16 were widows, 16 unmarried and 47 married women. In addition there was one woman with no marital status.  Two laundry maids working in the very large households were ignored as they were obviously working for just one family.  According to the Victoria County History Vol. 1 the total population of Tettenhall parish in 1851 was 3394. (This includes men, women and children) Therefore laundresses formed 2.5% of the total population.

Not knowing how this compared to other places, Uttoxeter Parish which also has a large number of Paupers Vouchers remaining was used to compare the 1851 Census.  Uttoxeter had a total population of 4990 people which was 1596 larger than Tettenhall. (i.e. nearly half as big again) However Uttoxeter only recorded 25 women working as laundresses, washer women or mangle keepers which was 0.52% of the total population.  8 were widows, 5 unmarried and 12 married women.

Of the 80 women listed in the laundry trade in Tettenhall in 1851 several were related although not all have been investigated. Using the Census Data and Parish Records available on findmypast.co.uk and Familysearch.org together with the General Register Office Mary Willington ‘s descendants who were working as Laundresses are on the Chart below.

marychartnobox3

The information on Tettenhall Laundresses agrees with the findings in:- LAUNDRESSES AND THE LAUNDRY TRADE IN VICTORIAN ENGLAND by Patricia E. Malcolmson 1981. Copyright of Victorian Studies is the property of Indiana University Press Extracts below.

She quotes Prosperity and Parenthood, “J. A. Banks has shown that the smaller the family income the greater the proportion spent on food, and that when there was a rise in income it was immediately followed by a disproportionately large increase in expenditure on washing and mangling”.

She continues that “throughout the Victorian period laundry work was predominantly married women’s work. According to one historian, “it seems to have been taken for granted that laundry work was the prerogative of married women.”[ii]

Patricia Malcolmson found that the married women had husbands in rather seasonal work. “In certain areas, then, this juxtaposition of seasonal employments formed an established part of the local economy. Most working-class women could expect to work for wages at some time during their married lives, but on the whole they worked regularly only when pressured to by necessity; thus, areas where laundry workers predominated were marked by poverty”

Throughout the Victorian period washers in full-time work earned 2s. to 2s. 6d. per day whilst ironers, who were generally pieceworkers, earned from 3s. to 3s. 6d.

“Areas in which laundry work was prominent reinforce these conclusions: the West London communities in which laundresses were most heavily concentrated were characterized by close proximity to substantial upper-middle-class residential areas; these areas generated employment for women in laundry work, charing, and to some extent needlework and prostitution.”

“An old watercress seller told Henry Mayhew that when he was at home he assisted his laundress wife by turning the mangle for her (Mayhew, III, 307).”

“Other husbands helped out as dollymen, punching or pounding clothing with a wooden instrument known as a dolly, and along with other male relatives might help with the fetching and carrying of wash, water, or coals. A husband who had a pony and cart or hand truck was invaluable since such transport would allow a laundress to take on a greater quantity of washing.”

“By far the greatest asset a woman forced to support herself and her family by laundry work could have, however, was the labour of her children, especially daughters (or occasionally other female relatives), for those will be best off who have the most of them.[iii] With the help of their daughters, many widows and wives whose husbands were unable to provide support were able to support themselves entirely by laundry work, but usually only at the cost of extremely long hours. Many mother-and-daughter teams worked until midnight or even all through the night during the busy season. Older children laboured at the washtub, mangle, and ironing board while younger children sorted and packaged bundles, carried in dried clothes for ironing, and helped to carry the laundry to their mothers’ customers and to collect work for the following day. The report of the interdepartmental committee on the employment of school children observed that “some of the worst cases of overworking of little girls of which we have heard occurred in the small laundries, which are exempt from the Factory Act.” Being “mother’s helper” was frequently the focal point of the life of the laundress’s child.

[i] HO107/2017 folio 105

[ii] Leonard Davidof, “The Employment of Married Women in England, 1850-1950” (M.A. thesis, London School of Economics, 1956), p. 216.

[iii] ‘Evelyn March-Phillips, “Factory Legislation for Women,” Fortnightly Review, 63 (1895), 735-

 

Laundresses inTettenhall from the 1841, 1851 and 1861 Census.

This entry contains all the data used to write the entry for Mary Willington and her family.

entry year/ref folio Address first name last name married etc Age Relationship Occupation where born Household  
1 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper Green Thomas Derricott   45   Ag. Lab not Staffs 1  
2 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper Green Richard Derricott   85   Ag. Lab not Staffs 1  
3 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper Green William Derricott   20   Ag. Lab Staffs 1  
4 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper Green Mary Derricott   65   Laundress not Staffs 1  
5 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper Green Ann Dobbs   55   F.S. not Staffs 1  
6 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper Green Ann Picken   20   F.S. not Staffs 1  
7 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper Green Mary Britton   15   F.S. not Staffs 1  
8 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper St. Ann Hill   65   Washer woman Staffs 2  
9 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper St. Charles Hill   25   Bricklayer Staffs 2  
10 1841. HO107/998 7 Upper St. Christopher Price   20   Butcher Staffs 2  
11 1841. HO107/998 8 Stockwell End Sarah Bralsh   55   Laundress not Staffs 3  
12 1841. HO107/998 16 Lower St Josiah Blakeman   30   Locksmith Staffs 4  
13 1841. HO107/998 16 Lower St Sarah Blakeman   30   Laundress Staffs 4  
14 1841. HO107/998 16 Lower St Henry Green   15   Bricklayer not Staffs 4  
15 1841. HO107/998 16 Lower St Emma Green   11     not Staffs 4  
16 1841. HO107/998 17 Church St. Mary Morris   55   Laundress Staffs 5  
17 1841. HO107/998 17 Church St. Mary Morris   20     Staffs 5  
18 1841. HO107/998 17 Church St. Elizabeth Morris   15     Staffs 5  
19 1841. HO107/998 17 Church St. George Morris   3     Staffs 5  
20 1841. HO107/998 17 Church St. William Morris   4     Staffs 5  
21 1841. HO107/998 27 Tett.Regis Peter Willington   45   Locksmith   6  
22 1841. HO107/998   Tettenhall Wood All very feint and few women’s occupations          
23 1851. HO107/2017 57 Fieldhouse, Tettenhall William Jones Mar. 32 Head Groom Clee Hill, Salop 7  
24 1851. HO107/2017 57 Fieldhouse, Tettenhall Ann Jones Mar. 30 wife Laundress Leamington, Hereford 7  
25 1851. HO107/2017 57 Fieldhouse, Tettenhall William Jones   1 son   Chelmarsh, Salop 7  
26 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall Mary Morris widow 66 Head Laundress Tettenhall 8  
27 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall Thomas Morris Unm. 33 son Gardener Tettenhall 8  
28 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall Elizabeth Morris Unm. 25 dau. Dressmaker Tettenhall 8  
29 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall George Morris Unm. 12 son Scholar Tettenhall 8  
30 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall William Davis Mar. 49 Head Locksmith Tettenhall 9  
31 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall Ann Davis Mar. 54 wife blank Tettenhall 9  
32 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall Harriat Davis Unm. 26 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 9  
33 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall William Davis Unm. 19 son Locksmith Tettenhall 9  
34 1851. HO107/2017 63 Tettenhall John Davis   12 son blank Tettenhall 9  
35 1851. HO107/2017 67 Lower St Ann Feasey widow 42 Head Washer woman Berkley, Salop 10  
36 1851. HO107/2017 67 Lower St Thomas Feasey Unm. 17 son Labourer Tettenhall 10  
37 1851. HO107/2017 67 Lower St William Hipward Unm. 53 lodger Labourer Bewdley, Worcs. 10  
38 1851. HO107/2017 68 Lower St William Brant Mar. 42 Head Farm Labourer Tettenhall 11  
39 1851. HO107/2017 68 Lower St Sarah Brant Mar. 39 wife Laundress Tettenhall 11  
40 1851. HO107/2017 68 Lower St Emma Brant Unm. 15 dau. blank Tettenhall 11  
41 1851. HO107/2017 68 Lower St Edward Brant   11 son Scholar Tettenhall 11  
42 1851. HO107/2017 68 Lower St Mary Ann Brant   7 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 11  
43 1851. HO107/2017 71 Lower St Ann Bangham widow 65 Head Chairwoman (sic) Adbaston 12  
44 1851. HO107/2017 71 Lower St Jane Bangham Unm. 23 dau. Washer woman Tettenhall 12  
45 1851. HO107/2017 71 Lower St Thomas Bangham Unm. 28 son Farm Labourer Tettenhall 12  
46 1851. HO107/2017 71 Lower St Walter Bangham widow 55 Brother in Law Gardener Norton, Salop 12  
47 1851. HO107/2017 71 Lower St John Barratt   2 G/son   Tettenhall 12  
48 1851. HO107/2017 72 Lower St Thomas Evans widow 80 Head Farm Labourer / Pauper Tettenhall 13  
49 1851. HO107/2017 72 Lower St Elizabeth Evans Unm. 40 dau. Field Work Tettenhall 13  
50 1851. HO107/2017 72 Lower St Hannah Evans Unm. 35 dau. Washer woman Tettenhall 13  
51 1851. HO107/2017 72 Lower St Eliza Evans Unm. 16 dau. Dressmaker Tettenhall 13  
52 1851. HO107/2017 73 Lower St Edward Dalton Mar. 42 Head Bricklayer Tettenhall 14  
53 1851. HO107/2017 73 Lower St Elizabeth Dalton Mar. 37 wife Laundress Tettenhall 14  
54 1851. HO107/2017 73 Lower St Susan Dalton Unm. 13 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 14  
55 1851. HO107/2017 73 Lower St Edward Dalton   9 son Scholar Tettenhall 14  
56 1851. HO107/2017 73 Union Building George Jones Mar. 39 Head Labourer Tettenhall 15  
57 1851. HO107/2017 73 Union Building Mary Jones Mar. 38 wife Washer woman Tettenhall 15  
58 1851. HO107/2017 73 Union Building Charles Jones Unm. 19 son Labourer Tettenhall 15  
59 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Sarah Parker widow 42 Head Washer woman Tettenhall 16  
60 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill James Willoughby Unm. 24 son Sawyer Tettenhall 16  
61 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Henry Parker Unm. 19 son Carpenter Tettenhall 16  
62 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Sarah Parker   13 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 16  
63 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Emma Parker   11 dau. blank Tettenhall 16  
64 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Harriat Parker   8 dau. blank Tettenhall 16  
65 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Ann Jones widow 57 Head Laundress Tettenhall 17  
66 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Joseph Jones Unm. 29 son Bricklayer Tettenhall 17  
67 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill William Jones Unm. 20 son Tin Plate Worker Tettenhall 17  
68 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Alfred Ellesmore Unm. 20 lodger Labourer Tettenhall 17  
69 1851. HO107/2017 78 Church Hill Ann Bennett   6 visitor Scholar Tettenhall 17  
70 1851. HO107/2017 81 Upper Green Elizabeth Willoughby widow 40 Head Laundress Tettenhall 18  
71 1851. HO107/2017 81 Upper Green Emma Willoughby   13 dau. blank Tettenhall 18  
72 1851. HO107/2017 81 Upper Green Catharine Jane Willoughby   10 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 18  
73 1851. HO107/2017 81 Upper Green Hannah Willoughby   8 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 18  
74 1851. HO107/2017 81 Upper Green Harriot Willoughby   6 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 18  
75 1851. HO107/2017 81 Upper Green Thomas Willoughby   4 son Scholar Tettenhall 18  
76 1851. HO107/2017 84 Upper St. Elizabeth Bangham widow 50 Head Laundress Tettenhall 19  
77 1851. HO107/2017 84 Upper St. Thomas Bangham Unm. 29 son Bricklayer Tettenhall 19  
78 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Birch Mar. 46 Head Locksmith Tettenhall 20  
79 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Birch Mar. 46 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 20  
80 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Birch Unm. 14 dau.   Tettenhall 20  
81 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Birch   7 dau.   Tettenhall 20  
82 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Birch   3 dau.   Tettenhall 20  
83 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Heath Widow 43 Head Laundress Ryton, Salop 21  
84 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Edward Heath Unm. 21 son Plumber Ryton, Salop 21  
85 1851. HO107/2017 93 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Heath Unm. 14 son Clerk to Water Works Wolverhampton 22  
86 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Lowe Mar. 37 Head Labourer Bilston 22  
87 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Lowe Mar. 40 Wife Laundress Snead Green, Sts 22  
88 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Boulton   3 dau.   Wolverhampton 22  
89 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Ann Pierce Widow 40 Head Laundress Tamworth, War. 23  
90 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Peerce   8 dau. Scholar Wolverhampton 23  
91 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood John Frost Widower 75 Lodger Pauper Leeds 23  
92 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Jane Jones Mar. 40 dau. Blank Wolverhampton 23  
93 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Edward Jones Unm. 3 G/son Blank Birmingham 23  
94 1851. HO107/2017 96 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Richards Unm. 21 Visitor Servant N.K. Salop 23  
95 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood John Tench Mar. 35 Head Chest Handle Forger Wolverhampton 24  
96 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood Frances Tench Mar. 26 Wife Laundress Albrighton, Salop 24  
97 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Ann Tench Unm. 13 dau. Blank Wolverhampton 24  
98 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood Charles Tench   10 son Scholar Upper Penn 24  
99 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood George Tench   8 son Scholar Upper Penn 24  
100 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Tench   5 dau. Scholar Upper Penn 24  
101 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Ann Tench   5 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 24  
102 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Slater Widow 53 Mother in Law Charwoman Albrighton, Salop 24  
103 1851. HO107/2017 98 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Ann Slater Unm. 18 Sister in Law Laundress Tettenhall 24  
104 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Benjamin Butler Mar. 28 Head Bricklayer & Stone Mason Sedgley 25  
105 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Butler Mar. 24 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 25 D/o Jos. Willington & G/Dau of Mary
106 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood John Hall Mar. 32 Head Ag. Lab London 26  
107 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Hall Mar. 28 Wife Laundress Donington, Salop 26  
108 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Hall   9 dau. Scholar Donington, Salop 26  
109 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Hall   6 dau. Scholar Donington, Salop 26  
110 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Barnett Mar. 36 Head Laundress Witherford, Salop 27  
111 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Betsey Barnett   11 dau. Scholar Witherford, Salop 27  
112 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood John Barnett   6 son Scholar Witherford, Salop 27  
113 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Barnett   4 dau.   Tettenhall 27  
114 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood William Poultney   2 Visitor   Tettenhall 27  
115 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Matthias Southwich Unm. 26 Head Brickmaker Tettenhall 28  
116 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Ellen Hall Mar. 26 Lodger Laundress Tettenhall 28  
117 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Jane Hall   8 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 28  
118 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Hall   6 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 28  
119 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Edwin Hall   3 son   Tettenhall 28  
120 1851. HO107/2017 100 Tettenhall  Wood Hannah Hall Widow 79 Grandmother House Servant Chadsley, Worc. 28  
121 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Louis Leech Mar. 32 Head Groom Newport, Salop 29  
122 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Catherine Leech Mar. 32 Wife Laundress Assaley, Salop 29  
123 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Louis Leech   1 son   Tettenhall 29  
124 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Edward Davis Mar. 54 Head Brickmaker Bishops Castle, Salop 30  
125 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Martha Davis Mar. 44 Wife Laundress Pattingham 30  
126 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood John Davis Unm. 18 son Brickmaker Tettenhall 30  
127 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood George Davis   15 son Brickmaker Tettenhall 30  
128 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Edward Davis   10 son Brickmaker Tettenhall 30  
129 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Harriott Davis   8 dau. Blank Tettenhall 30  
130 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood William Barker Unm. 17 Lodger Locksmith Wombourne 30  
131 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Rogers Mar. 53 Head Ag. Lab Wenlock, Salop 31  
132 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Rogers Mar. 46 Wife Laundress Eccleshall, Sts 31  
133 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Ann Fellows Unm. 48 Head former House Servant Tettenhall 32  
134 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood Esther Thorniloe Mar. 50 Sister Laundress Tettenhall 32  
135 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood James Thorniloe Unm. 18 Nephew Apprentice Carpenter Tettenhall 32  
136 1851. HO107/2017 101 Tettenhall  Wood John Thorniloe   15 Nephew Scholar Cheltenham, Gloucs. 32  
137 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood John Mitchell Widower 72 Head Cordwainer Tettenhall 33  
138 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood John Carter Mar. 26 Son in Law Ag. Lab Tettenhall 33  
139 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Isabella Carter Mar. 22 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 33  
140 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Matilda Cluite Unm. 20 Visitor Laundress Tettenhall 33  
141 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Northwood Mar. 50 Head Ag. Lab Worsfield, Salop 34  
142 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Hannah Northwood Mar. 55 Wife Laundress Worsfield, Salop 34  
143 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Northwood Unm. 26 son Bricklayer’s Labourer Worsfield, Salop 34  
144 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Northwood Unm. 20 dau. Laundress Worsfield, Salop 34  
145 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Richard Northwood   13 son Scholar Tettenhall 34  
146 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood George Northwood   11 son Scholar Tettenhall 34  
147 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Northwood   1mth G/dau   Tettenhall 34  
148 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood John Poultney Mar. 41 Head Cordwainer Tettenhall 35  
149 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Poultney Mar. 40 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 35  
150 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Eliza Poultney   10 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 35  
151 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Salina Poultney   8 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 35  
152 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Hannah Poultney   6 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 35  
153 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Robert Sprage Unm. 17 Visitor Servant Shrawley, Worc. 35  
154 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Richard Poultney   64 Visitor Ag. Lab Kings Tettenhall 35  
155 1851. HO107/2017 102 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Sprage   55 Visitor Ag. Lab Shrawley, Worc. 35  
156 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Frances Thorpe Mar. 42 Head Laundress & wife of pig dealer Tettenhall 36  
157 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Frances Thorpe   11 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 36  
158 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood William Dorricott Dobbs Mar. 33 Head Ag. Lab Tettenhall 37  
159 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Dorricott Dobbs Mar. 31 Wife Laundress Wolverhampton 37  
160 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood William Poole Mar. 29 Head Ag. Lab Wolverhampton 38  
161 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Martha Poole Mar. 27 Wife Laundress Tipton 38  
162 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Hall Mar. 35 Head Brickmaker Tettenhall 39  
163 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Hall Mar. 32 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 39  
164 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Ann Hall   4 dau.   Tettenhall 39  
165 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Maria Hall   11 mths dau.   Tettenhall 39  
166 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood George Pugh Mar. 37 Head Baker Trysull 40  
167 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Pugh Mar. 37 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 40  
168 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Pugh   7 son Scholar Wolverhampton 40  
169 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood George Pugh   5 son Scholar Wolverhampton 40  
170 1851. HO107/2017 103 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Jane Moore   13 Servant House Servant Tettenhall 40  
171 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Corbett Mar. 36 Head Painter Tettenhall 41  
172 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Corbett Mar. 36 Wife Laundress Much Wenlock 41  
173 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Corbett   13 son Scholar Tettenhall 41  
174 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Corbett   11 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 41  
175 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Corbett   8 son Scholar Tettenhall 41  
176 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Corbett   5 dau.   Tettenhall 41  
177 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Charles Corbett   1 son   Tettenhall 41  
178 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Peck Widow 64 Mother in Law Laundress Old Gate, Salop 41  
179 1851. HO107/2017 104 Tettenhall  Wood Eliza Madelin   16 Servant House Servant Chatwin, Salop 41  
180 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Willington widow 75 Head Pauper / Laundress Tettenhall 42 of Vouchers
181 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Tomkinson widow 37 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 42  
182 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Jabez Woodward Mar. 22 G/son Bricklayer Tettenhall 42  
183 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Woodward Mar. 17 G/dau Laundress Tettenhall 42  
184 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Alice Emma Woodward   3mths Great G/dau   Tettenhall 42  
185 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Tomkinson   8 G/son Scholar Tettenhall 42  
186 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Edward Tomkinson   4 G/son   Tettenhall 42  
187 1851. HO107/2017 105 Tettenhall  Wood Caroline Birch Unm. 21 G/dau Laundress Tettenhall 42  
188 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Eccles Mar. 67 Head Greenwich Pensioner/ Locksmith Brewood 43  
189 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Eccles Mar. 54 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 43  
190 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Eccles Unm. 25 son Cabinet Locksmith Tettenhall 43  
191 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood James Warren Unm. 30 Head Locksmith Wolverhampton 44  
192 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Simpkins Unm. 40 Lodger Laundress Wolverhampton 44  
193 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Eliza Jane Simpkins   10 dau.   Tettenhall 44  
194 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Harriott Simpkins   7 dau.   Tettenhall 44  
195 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Henry Simpkins   4 son   Tettenhall 44  
196 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Catherine Simpkins   2 dau.   Tettenhall 44  
197 1851. HO107/2017 106 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Ann Simpkins   4mths dau.   Tettenhall 44  
198 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Willington Mar. 43 Head Locksmith Tettenhall 45  
199 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Susan Willington Mar. 50 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 45  
200 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Levi Willington Unm. 22 son Cordwainer Tettenhall 45  
201 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Willington Unm. 19 son Ag. Lab Tettenhall 45  
202 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Willington   10 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 45  
203 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Willington   7 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 45  
204 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Eliza Tomkinson   14 niece Laundress Tettenhall 45  
205 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Poole Mar. 34 Head Stock Locksmith Shareshill 46  
206 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Lucy Poole Mar. 32 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 46  
207 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Poole   13 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 46  
208 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Poole   8 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 46  
209 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Poole widow 65? Mother  Pauper / Dressmaker Tettenhall 46  
210 1851. HO107/2017 107 Tettenhall  Wood John Smith   48   Baker Tipton 47 Is this the one signing vouchers?
211 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Robert Taylor Mar. 36 Head Ag. Lab Codsall 48  
212 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Hannah Taylor Mar. 35 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 48  
213 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood George Taylor   11 son Scholar Birches, Tetttenhall 48  
214 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood James Taylor   8 son Scholar Tettenhall 48  
215 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Taylor   4 son   Tettenhall 48  
216 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Henry Taylor   2 son   Tettenhall 48  
217 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood William Garnwell Mar. 46 Head Groom Tong, Salop 49  
218 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Garnwell Mar. 37 Wife Laundress Teachbrook, Salop 49  
219 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Garnwell   14 dau. Scholar Teachbrook, Salop 49  
220 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Church   4 Visitor   Pershore, Worcs. 49  
221 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood James Mearren Mar. 68 Head Key maker Wolverhampton 50  
222 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Mearren Mar. 69 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 50  
223 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Jane Mearren Unm. 30 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 50  
224 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood James Mearren Unm. 28 son Key maker Tettenhall 50  
225 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood James Tufft Mar. 73 Head Chelsea Pensioner & Steel Worker Wolverhampton 51  
226 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Tufft Mar. 34 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 51  
227 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Margaret Tufft   10 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 51  
228 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Tufft   8 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 51  
229 1851. HO107/2017 108 Tettenhall  Wood Susan Tufft   6 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 51  
230 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Charles Pope Mar. 45 Head Blacksmith Bridgenorth 52  
231 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Harriot Pope Mar. 46 Wife Laundress Wolverhampton 52  
232 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Luke Roger Pope Unm. 18 son Blacksmith Wolverhampton 52  
233 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Enock Pope Unm. 16 son Blacksmith Wolverhampton 52  
234 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Harriet Ann  Pope   12 dau. Scholar Wolverhampton 52  
235 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Philip Charles Pope   7 son Scholar Tettenhall 52  
236 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Frances Moor Mar. 39 Head Pauper / Laundress Wolverhampton 53  
237 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood William Jordan Unm. 21 son Bricklayer’s Labourer Wolverhampton 53  
238 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Emily Jordan Unm. 15 dau. Laundress Codsall 53  
239 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Henry Jordan   13 son Tin Plate Worker Codsall 53  
240 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Hugh Jordan   11 son Scholar Codsall 53  
241 1851. HO107/2017 109 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Jordan   9 son Scholar Codsall 53  
242 1851. HO107/2017 110 Tettenhall  Wood Peter Willington       Locksmith   54  
243 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood William Heath Mar. 43 Head Ag. Lab Haughton, Sts 56  
244 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Heath Mar. 38 Wife Laundress Pendiford 56  
245 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Heath Unm. 15 dau. House Servant Laches 56  
246 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood John Heath Unm. 15 son Scholar Laches 56  
247 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood William Heath   9 son Scholar Laches 56  
248 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Charles Heath   7 son Scholar Laches 56  
249 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Heath   4 son   Laches 56  
250 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Mark Dyhouse Mar. 61 Head Cordwainer Tettenhall 57  
251 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Dyhouse Mar. 50 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 57  
252 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Dyhouse Unm. 24 son Cordwainer Tettenhall 57  
253 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Stephen Dyhouse   13 son Scholar Tettenhall 57  
254 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Dyhouse   10 son Scholar Tettenhall 57  
255 1851. HO107/2017 111 Tettenhall  Wood Caroline Dyhouse Unm. 22 dau. Servant, out of place Tettenhall 57  
256 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Lucy Crutchley widow 55 Head Laundress Tettenhall 58  
257 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Henry Crutchley Unm. 23 son Grate Fitter Wolverhampton 58  
258 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Fanny Shelook?   7 niece Scholar Tettenhall 58  
259 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Mary Evans widow 49 Head Laundress Tettenhall 59  
260 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Charlotte Edwards Unm. 29 dau. Shoe binder London 59  
261 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall William Evans   14 son Scholar Tettenhall 59  
262 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Margaret Logan Unm. 21 Visitor Governess Ruthin, Wales 59  
263 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Thomas L. Logan Unm. 3mths infant   Birmingham 59  
264 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Margaret Jones Unm. 17 Servant House Servant Ludlow, Salop 59  
265 1851. HO107/2017 119 Compton Hill, Tettenhall Elizabeth Price widow 83 Head Laundress Wolverhampton 60  
266 1851. HO107/2017 118 Compton Hill, Tettenhall John Price Unm. 37 son Gardener Wolverhampton 60  
267 1851. HO107/2017 120 Compton, Tettenhall James Blakemore Mar. 47 Head Ag. Lab Tettenhall 61  
268 1851. HO107/2017 120 Compton, Tettenhall Margaret Blakemore Mar. 48 Wife Laundress Wolverhampton 61  
269 1851. HO107/2017 120 Compton, Tettenhall Ann Blakemore Unm. 26 dau. Teacher Tettenhall 61  
270 1851. HO107/2017 120 Compton, Tettenhall Joseph Blakemore Unm. 24 son Painter Tettenhall 61  
271 1851. HO107/2017 120 Compton, Tettenhall William Holder Mar. 63 Head Key Stamper Dorist? Gloucs 61  
272 1851. HO107/2017 120 Compton, Tettenhall Elizabeth Holder Mar. 68 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 61  
273 1851. HO107/2017 121 Compton, Tettenhall Joseph Price Mar. 47 Head Cooper Birmingham 62  
274 1851. HO107/2017 121 Compton, Tettenhall Sophia Price Mar. 39 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 62  
275 1851. HO107/2017 121 Compton, Tettenhall Thomas Price Unm. 18 son Cooper Tettenhall 62  
276 1851. HO107/2017 121 Compton, Tettenhall Emma Price Unm. 16 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 62  
277 1851. HO107/2017 121 Compton, Tettenhall John Price   10 son Scholar Tettenhall 62  
278 1851. HO107/2017 121 Compton, Tettenhall Joseph Price   8 son Scholar Tettenhall 62  
279 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Thomas Quinton Mar. 71 Head Quarry man Red — W’hampton 63  
280 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Jane Quinton Mar. 64 Wife blank Rushall, Sts 63  
281 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Mary Quinton Unm. 42 dau. Laundress Brewood 63  
282 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Charles Quinton Unm. 40 son Stone Mason Codsall 63  
283 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall John Quinton Unm. 24 son Painter Codsall 63  
284 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Eliza Quinton Unm. 21 dau. Laundress Codsall 63  
285 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Elizabeth Walton Mar. 37 Visitor blank Codsall 63  
286 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Mary Walton   9 Visitor blank Codsall 63  
287 1851. HO107/2017 123 Compton, Tettenhall Jane Walton   7 Visitor blank Coseley 63  
288 1851. HO107/2017 124 Compton, Tettenhall John Peacock Mar. 54 Head Ag. Lab Penn 64  
289 1851. HO107/2017 124 Compton, Tettenhall Mary Peacock Mar. 55 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 64  
290 1851. HO107/2017 124 Compton, Tettenhall Mary Walker Unm. 19 niece Laundress Tettenhall 64  
291 1851. HO107/2017 127 Compton, Tettenhall William Willington widow 47 Head Boatman Tettenhall 65  
292 1851. HO107/2017 127 Compton, Tettenhall Thomas Willington   12 son Scholar Tettenhall 65  
293 1851. HO107/2017 127 Compton, Tettenhall Martha Vaughan widow 37 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 65  
294 1851. HO107/2017 127 Compton, Tettenhall Susanna Vaughan   5 G/dau Scholar Tettenhall 65  
295 1851. HO107/2017 127 Compton, Tettenhall Mary Vaughan   2 G/dau   Tettenhall 65  
296 1851. HO107/2017 128 Compton, Tettenhall Richard Beech Mar. 63 Head Wheelwright Tettenhall 66  
297 1851. HO107/2017 128 Compton, Tettenhall Elizabeth Beech Mar. 54 Wife Laundress Birmingham 66  
298 1851. HO107/2017 128 Compton, Tettenhall Richard Beech Unm. 27 son Coachmaker Tettenhall 66  
299 1851. HO107/2017 128 Compton, Tettenhall Henry Beech Unm. 22 son Hinge maker Tettenhall 66  
300 1851. HO107/2017 128 Compton, Tettenhall Thomas Beech Unm. 20 son Ag. Lab Tettenhall 66  
301 1851. HO107/2017 128 Compton, Tettenhall Elizabeth Beech Unm. 17 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 66  
302 1851. HO107/2017 128 Compton, Tettenhall Sarah Beech   10 dau. blank Tettenhall 66  
303 1851. HO107/2017 132 Finchfield, Tettenhall William Bannister? Mar. 62 Head Fire Iron Maker Smethick. Warw. 67  
304 1851. HO107/2017 132 Finchfield, Tettenhall Mary Bannister? Mar. 62 Wife Laundress Wombourne 67  
305 1851. HO107/2017 132 Finchfield, Tettenhall Mary Bannister? Unm. 21 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 67  
306 1851. HO107/2017 132 Finchfield, Tettenhall Francis Riley   8 Nephew Scholar Wolverhampton 67  
307 1851. HO107/2017 132 Finchfield, Tettenhall James Whitehouse Mar. 25 Head Mortice Locksmith Wolverhampton 68  
308 1851. HO107/2017 132 Finchfield, Tettenhall Eliza Whitehouse Mar. 21 Wife Laundress Wolverhampton 68  
309 1851. HO107/2017 132 Finchfield, Tettenhall Thomas Whitehouse   2 son   Tettenhall 68  
310 1851. HO107/2017 133-145 Wightwick, Pirton, Trescott         NO LAUNDRESSES      
311 1851. HO107/2017 149 Longlake, Tettenhall(west) Sarah Fearnall Mar. 70 Head Laundress Tettenhall 69 No husband
312 1851. HO107/2017 149 Longlake, Tettenhall(west) James Cotterill Mar. 58 Head Day Labourer Tettenhall 70  
313 1851. HO107/2017 149 Longlake, Tettenhall(west) Mary Cotterill Mar. 48 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 70  
314 1851. HO107/2017 149 Longlake, Tettenhall(west) Martha Bentley   14 Servant servant Codsall 70  
315 1851. HO107/2017 149 Longlake, Tettenhall(west) John  Bradeley Mar. 45 Head Farm Labourer Trysull 71  
316 1851. HO107/2017 149 Longlake, Tettenhall(west) Sarah Bradeley Mar. 45 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 71  
317 1851. HO107/2017 152 Kingwood, Tettenhall Robert Burton Mar. 44 Head Wood Cutter Pattingham 72  
318 1851. HO107/2017 152 Kingwood, Tettenhall Jane Burton Mar. 44 Wife Laundress Codsall 72  
319 1851. HO107/2017 152 Kingwood, Tettenhall Samuel Banks Unm. 19 Son of Wife Unemployed Tettenhall 72  
320 1851. HO107/2017 152 Kingwood, Tettenhall John Burton   12 son Scholar Tettenhall 72  
321 1851. HO107/2017 152 Kingwood, Tettenhall Elizabeth Burton   5 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 72  
322 1851. HO107/2017 152 Kingwood, Tettenhall Emma Brooks Unm. 17 Servant servant Tettenhall 72  
323 1851. HO107/2017 153 Wergs, Tettenhall Maria Hutchinson Widow 65 Head Laundress Charnley, Devon 73 Next to Lord Wrottesley who has 2 Laundry Maids
324 1851. HO107/2017 153 Wergs, Tettenhall Susannah Lewis Unm. 13 Servant Laundress’s servant Wonbourne 73  
325 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall Robert Biddle Mar. 47 Head Gardener, Domestic Tamworth, War. 74  
326 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall Priscilla Biddle Mar. 47 Wife Laundress Inkberrow, Worcs. 74  
327 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall Priscilla Biddle Unm. 17 dau. blank Inkberrow, Worcs. 74  
328 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall Harriett Biddle   13 dau. blank Yardley, Worcs. 74  
329 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall Elizabeth Biddle   11 dau. blank Yardley, Worcs. 74  
330 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall George Clee Mar. 50 Head Gardener, Domestic Diddlebury, Salop 75  
331 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall Mary Clee Mar. 53 Wife Laundress Olcham, Salop 75  
332 1861. RG9 /1984 19 Lower St. Tettenhall William Clee   12 son Ag. Lab Tettenhall 75  
333 1861. RG9 /1984 24 Aldersley Row. Tettenhall Jeremiah Loader widower 74 Head Formerly Labourer Tettenhall 76  
334 1861. RG9 /1984 24 Aldersley Row. Tettenhall Elizabeth Loader Unm. 40 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 76  
335 1861. RG9 /1984 24 Aldersley Row. Tettenhall George Loader Unm. 36 son Plasterer Tettenhall 76  
336 1861. RG9 /1984 29 Tettenhall William Birch Mar. 55 Head Ag. Lab Newcastle U Tyne 77  
337 1861. RG9 /1984 29 Tettenhall Ann Birch Mar. 50 Wife Laundress Bushbury, Sts 77  
338 1861. RG9 /1984 29 Tettenhall Maria Birch Unm. 30 dau. Dressmaker Bushbury, Sts 77  
339 1861. RG9 /1984 29 Tettenhall William Birch Unm. 15 son Apr. Shoe maker Tettenhall 77  
340 1861. RG9 /1984 29 Tettenhall John Birch   7 son Scholar Tettenhall 77  
341 1861. RG9 /1984 29 Tettenhall William Esthop Unm. 30 Lodger Groom, Dom. Serv. Worcester 77  
342 1861. RG9 /1984 30 Tettenhall Maria Bonson Mar. 56 Head Laundress Sutton Maddock, Salop 78  
343 1861. RG9 /1984 30 Tettenhall John Nott Unm. 20 son Cabinet Locksmith Wolverhampton 78  
344 1861. RG9 /1984 38 Tettenhall   Edward Wood Mar. 39 Head Cooper Wolverhampton 79  
345 1861. RG9 /1984 38 Tettenhall   Ann Wood Mar. 38 Wife blank Cheltenham, Gloucs. 79  
346 1861. RG9 /1984 38 Tettenhall   Elijah Wood Unm. 14 son Scholar Hanbury, Worcs 79  
347 1861. RG9 /1984 38 Tettenhall   Fanny Edwards widow 72 Mother in Law Laundress Rye, Sussex 79  
348 1861. RG9 /1984 42 Tettenhall   Thomas Dorricott  Mar. 65 Head Ag. Lab Hael? Salop 80  
349 1861. RG9 /1984 42 Tettenhall   Sarah Dorricott  Mar. 42 Wife Laundress Wolverhampton 80  
350 1861. RG9 /1984 42 Tettenhall   Thomas Dorricott    12 son Scholar Tettenhall 80  
351 1861. RG9 /1984 42 Tettenhall   Benjamin Dorricott    10 son Scholar Tettenhall 80  
352 1861. RG9 /1984 42 Tettenhall   Sarah Dorricott    3 dau.   Tettenhall 80  
353 1861. RG9 /1984 54 Tettenhall Wood Mary Evans widow 60 Head Laundress Compton, Sts 81  
354 1861. RG9 /1984 55 Tettenhall Wood William Evans Unm. 24 son Cordwainer Compton, Sts 81  
355 1861. RG9 /1984 60 Compton Hill Elizabeth Heath widow 52 Head Laundress Ryton, Salop 82  
356 1861. RG9 /1984 62 Tettenhall  Wood William Derricott Dabe? Mar. 43 Head Labourer Tettenhall 83  
357 1861. RG9 /1984 62 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Derricott Dabe? Mar. 42 Wife Laundress Donington 83  
358 1861. RG9 /1984 63 Tettenhall  Wood Levi Willington Mar. 32 Head Shoemaker Tettenhall 84  
359 1861. RG9 /1984 63 Tettenhall  Wood Ellen Willington Mar. 28 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 84  
360 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Birch Mar. 56 Head Locksmith Tettenhall 84  
361 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Birch Mar. 55 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 84  
362 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Ann Birch Unm. 18 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 84  
363 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Birch   12 dau.   Tettenhall 84  
364 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Agnes Birch   3mths dau.   Tettenhall 84  
365 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Thorpe Mar. 58? Head Cattle Dealer Bonigale, Salop 85  
366 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Frances Thorpe Mar. 53 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 85  
367 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Frances Hill  Unm. 14 G/dau Laundress Tettenhall 85  
368 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Warren widow 53 Head Laundress Brewood 86  
369 1861. RG9 /1984 64 Tettenhall  Wood Harriet Warren Unm. 18 dau. Laundress Wolverhampton 86  
370 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Willington Mar. 53 Head Gardener Tettenhall 87  
371 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood Susan Willington Mar. 60 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 87  
372 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Willington Unm. 20 dau. Laundress Tettenhall 87  
373 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood Charles Willington   5 son   Tettenhall 87  
374 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood George Shelton Mar. 29 Head Labourer Tettenhall 88  
375 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood Caroline Shelton Mar. 30 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 88 was Caroline Birch d/o Thomas
376 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood Sarah Ann Shelton   5 dau.   Tettenhall 88  
377 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood George Shelton   3 son   Tettenhall 88  
378 1861. RG9 /1984 66 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Jordan   12 Servant Nurse Tettenhall 88  
379 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Joseph Willington Mar. 29 Head Brick Setter? Tettenhall 89  
380 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Ellen Willington Mar. 25 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 89  
381 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Susan Willington   3 dau.   Tettenhall 89  
382 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Willington   3 dau.   Tettenhall 89  
383 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Thomas Poole Mar. 42 Head Lock and Key smith Shawshill 90  
384 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Lucy Poole Mar. 41 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 90  
385 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood William Bradley Mar. 32 Head Blacksmith Tettenhall 91  
386 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Bradley Mar. 29 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 91 previously married to Jabez Woodward
387 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Prudence Woodward   7 dau.   Tettenhall 91  
388 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Woodward   5 dau.   Tettenhall 91  
389 1861. RG9 /1984 67 Tettenhall  Wood George Woodward   1 son   Tettenhall 91  
390 1861. RG9 /1984 70 Tettenhall  Wood Benjamin Butler Mar. 38 Head Bricklayer Sedgley 92 immediately after Brick Kilns Yard
391 1861. RG9 /1984 70 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Butler Mar. 34 Wife Laundress Tettenhall 92  
392 1861. RG9 /1984 70 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Willington Unm. 17 Visitor Laundress Tettenhall 92  
393 1861. RG9 /1984 70 Tettenhall  Wood Betsy Stanley Unm. 17 sister Laundress Tettenhall 92  
394 1861. RG9 /1984 70 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Willington   5 niece   Tettenhall 92  
395 1861. RG9 /1984 71 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Butler widow 43 Head Laundress Tettenhall 93  
396 1861. RG9 /1984 71 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Willington Unm. 27 sister Laundress Tettenhall 93  
397 1861. RG9 /1984 71 Tettenhall  Wood Emma Willington Unm. 16 niece Laundress Tettenhall 93  
398 1861. RG9 /1984 71 Tettenhall  Wood Agnes Hatton   13 niece Laundress Tettenhall 93  
399 1861. RG9 /1984 71 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Britton widow 60 Head Laundress Wolverhampton 94  
400 1861. RG9 /1984 72 Tettenhall  Wood Samuel Woodward Mar. 69 Head Carpenter Studdington, Worcs 95  
401 1861. RG9 /1984 72 Tettenhall  Wood Elizabeth Woodward Mar. 62 Wife Laundress Wolverhampton 95  
402 1861. RG9 /1984 72 Tettenhall  Wood Alice Emma Woodward   10 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 95  
403 1861. RG9 /1984 72 Tettenhall  Wood Mary Ann Woodward   3 G/dau Scholar Wolverhampton 95  
404 1861. RG9 /1984 77 Wightwick, Tettenhall Joseph Carter Mar. 32 Head Ag. Lab Warwick 96  
405 1861. RG9 /1984 77 Wightwick, Tettenhall Mary Ann Carter Mar. 25 Wife Laundress Rudge Heath, Sts 96  
406 1861. RG9 /1984 77 Wightwick, Tettenhall Mary Ann Carter   5 dau.   Tettenhall 96  
407 1861. RG9 /1984 77 Wightwick, Tettenhall Harriett Carter   3 dau.   Tettenhall 96  
408 1861. RG9 /1984 77 Wightwick, Tettenhall John Carter   2 son   Tettenhall 96  
409 1861. RG9 /1984 95 Compton, Tettenhall  Emma Cotterill widow 31 Head Washer woman Pattingham 97  
410 1861. RG9 /1984 95 Compton, Tettenhall  Thomas Bates   9 son Scholar Wolverhampton 97  
411 1861. RG9 /1984 95 Compton, Tettenhall  Elizabeth Bates   7 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 97  
412 1861. RG9 /1984 95 Compton, Tettenhall  Sarah Ann Cotterill   3 dau. Scholar Tettenhall 97  
413 1861. RG9 /1984 95 Compton, Tettenhall  John Cotterill   11mths? son   Compton, Sts 97  
414 1861. RG9 /1984 950 Compton, Tettenhall  Mary  Steed Unm. 47 Head Laundress Stone, Salop 98  
415 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  James Blakeman Mar. 57 Head J/man Gardener Compton, Sts 99  
416 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  Ann Blakeman Mar. 58 Wife Laundress Wolverhampton 99  
417 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  Ann Blakeman Unm. 38 dau. Laundress Compton, Sts 99  
418 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  Harriet Greensill Unm. 16 Servant Laundress N.K. 99  
419 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  Hannah Riley widow 71 Head Washer woman Tettenhall 100  
420 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  William Sanes? widower 67 boarder J/man Bricklayer Goldthorne Hall. Sts 100  
421 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  Sophia Price widow 50 Head Laundress Tettenhall, Wood 101  
422 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  John Price Unm. 20 son Iron Shearer Compton, Sts 101  
423 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  Joseph Price Unm. 17 son Iron Stacker Compton, Sts 101  
424 1861. RG9 /1984 98 Compton, Tettenhall  Sarah Shutt Unm. 23 Visitor Dressmaker Inglinton, Sts 101  
425 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall Jerimiah Taylor Mar. 60 Head Farm Labourer Finchfield 102  
426 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall Ann Taylor Mar. 55 Wife Farm Labourer Handsworth 102  
427 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall Elizabeth Taylor Unm. 25 dau. Washer woman Finchfield 102  
428 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall George Taylor Unm. 19 son J/man Bricklayer Finchfield 102  
429 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall Samuel Taylor   15 son J/man Bricklayer Finchfield 102  
430 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall Charles Taylor   9 son Scholar Finchfield 102  
431 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall John Morgan Mar. 34 Head Farm Labourer Compton, Sts 103  
432 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall Sarah Morgan Mar. 36 Wife Laundress Baen? Sts 103  
433 1861. RG9 /1984 99 Finchfield, Tettenhall Harriet Morgan   12 dau. Laundress Baen? Sts 103  
434 1861. RG9 /1984 100 Finchfield, Tettenhall Sarah Morgan   10 dau. Laundress Wolverhampton 103  
435 1861. RG9 /1984 100 Finchfield, Tettenhall Samuel Morgan   8 son Scholar Wolverhampton 103  
436 1861. RG9 /1984 100 Finchfield, Tettenhall Elizabeth Morgan   6 dau. Scholar Finchfield 103  
437 1861. RG9 /1984 100 Finchfield, Tettenhall Mary Ann Morgan   1 dau.   Finchfield 103  
438 1861. RG9 /1985 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall George Granger Mar. 55 Head J/man Gardener Trysull 104  
439 1861. RG9 /1986 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Tryphena Granger Mar. 54 Wife Laundress Worsfield, Salop 104  
440 1861. RG9 /1987 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Tryphena Granger Unm. 18 dau. Laundress Trysull 104  
441 1861. RG9 /1988 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Edward Granger   15 son Iron Tray maker Trysull 104  
442 1861. RG9 /1989 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Charllotte Granger   10 dau. Scholar Penn 104  
443 1861. RG9 /1990 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Sarah Garrington? widow 48 Head Washer woman Claverley, Salop 105  
444 1861. RG9 /1991 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Charles Garrington? Mar. 21 son Stamper Wolverhampton 105  
445 1861. RG9 /1992 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Emma Garrington? Unm. 18 dau. Stamper Wolverhampton 105  
446 1861. RG9 /1993 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall James Garrington?   11 son Whitesmith Finchfield 105  
447 1861. RG9 /1994 101 Finchfield, Tettenhall Ann Garrington? Mar. 19 Dau. In Law Whitesmith Windfort? Salop 105  
448 1861. RG9 /1995 102 Finchfield, Tettenhall John Davis Mar. 26 Head Ag. Lab Wolverhampton 106  
449 1861. RG9 /1996 102 Finchfield, Tettenhall Jane Davis Mar. 31 Wife Washer woman Wolverhampton 106  
450 1861. RG9 /1997 102 Finchfield, Tettenhall Edward Davis   4 son Scholar Compton, Sts 106  
451 1861. RG9 /1998 102 Finchfield, Tettenhall William Davis   15mth son   Compton, Sts 106  
452 1861. RG9 /1984 103 Compton  Elizabeth Brotherington widow 50 Head Laundress Codsall 107  
453 1861. RG9 /1984 103 Compton  William Brotherington Unm. 24 son Iron worker Tettenhall 107  
454 1861. RG9 /1984 103 Compton  George Brotherington Unm. 13 son Brass Founder Tettenhall 107  
455 1861. RG9 /1984 103 Compton  Henry Brotherington Unm. 10 son Errand Boy Tettenhall 107  
456 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Elizabeth Beech widow 66 Head Retired Laundress Birmingham 108  
457 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Richard Beech Unm. 36 son J/man Wheelwright Compton, Sts 108  
458 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Thomas Beech Unm. 30 son J/man Wheelwright Compton, Sts 108  
459 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Elizabeth Beech Unm. 27 dau. Laundress Compton, Sts 108  
460 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Joseph Fellows widower 55 Head Ag. Lab Oaken, Sts 109  
461 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Maria Hixon Widow 67 Head Laundress Stanford, Worcs. 109  
462 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Sarah Hixon Unm. 23 dau. Laundress Wolverhampton 109  
463 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  Ann Hixon Unm. 21 dau. Laundress Stourport, Worcs. 109  
464 1861. RG9 /1984 104 Compton  William Selvey Unm. 22 boarder File Cutter Wolverhampton 109  

Francis Taylor, Constable and Governor of the Workhouse.

The Francis Taylor in question is probably the third child of Richard and Elizabeth Taylor, baptised on 24 Nov 1799 at St. Lawrence, Darlaston.

Married at St Peter’s, Wolverhampton, on 30 Jan 1820. Francis Taylor, bachelor married Mary Wheeler, spinster after Banns. Both signed, Witnesses Jno. and Mary Wood. (No children found to this couple.)

Died 15 July 1843, and Buried 19 Jul 1843 at St. Bartholomew, Wednesbury, age 43.

Francis Taylor first came to notice as he signed a large number of Paupers Vouchers in Tettenhall.  (Stafford Record Office ref. D571/A/PO69)

These covered a variety of expenses such as these examples in 1832/33                D571/A/PO69/25 a Receipt dated 28 Mar 1833 for 1 quarter’s salary £6 5s 0d signed Fras. Taylor.

Further entries in 1832-3 show the variety of items Fras. Taylor claimed for; –

  1. 5 Inquests, summary W’hampton, Pattingham & Codsall. Inquest and witness.
  2. Warrant and taking Thomas Carter to Lunatic Asylum in Stafford
  3. 9 Inquests from 30 Nov1832-Jan 19 1833
  4. Paying magistrates clerks fees
  5. Paying workmen for repairs to workhouse
  6. Serving notices [unspecified).
  7. Removals of Paupers.
  8. Paying to get up 17½ roods of potatoes in Workhouse Garden
  9. Providing clothes and tea, beer, milk, brandy etc. for sick paupers.
  10. Butter & Milk for 4 weeks, Barm for 4 weeks, Beesoms, Thread & Tape, 3 Tin cans mended, Blacklead & Corks, 2 Inquests
  11. Journeys to check up on people – presumably either apprentices or families receiving relief. EG. A journey to Wordsley by order of the meeting.

In 1828 According to his application to run Wednesbury Workhouse (see below) he became Governor of Tettenhall workhouse. At the same time he was obviously working as Parish Constable as a report of one or two Inquests he attended shows.

Presumably it was only the most newsworthy Inquests which got reported such as the one reported in the Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser 15 October 1834. This was the report into the Inquest on Mary Wright of Tettenhall who rumour believed had been burnt to death by her husband. The husband had been tried 14 years before for the murder of his son aged about 5 or 6 by drowning but had been acquitted on grounds of insanity and detained in Prison. They heard evidence from various people including that of Francis Taylor, constable of the Parish, who had arrested John Wright and had examined his hands and seen signs of singeing and blisters. John Wright claimed that he had been trying to put out the flames when his wife’s sleeve caught fire. The coroner’s verdict was accidental death.

Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser 29 October 1834 (Stafford Quarter Sessions. Prisoners indicted for riot at Willenhall and destroying Parish Books on 6 Aug. when parishioners were required to elect a Clergyman for perpetual curacy of that place.)                 Francis Taylor, constable of Tettenhall, was employed at Willenhall on the 6th of August, to keep the peace. He saw Foster coming to the chapel with the books. He saw the books thrown to Watkin who pulled the leaves out, and threw them to Turner. He saw Turner tear them to pieces.  He could not swear to the other prisoners.

In 1836 The West Bromwich Union required a Master and Matron for the workhouse at Wednesbury. There was presumably a series of knock out elections as Aris’s Birmingham Gazette on 19 September 1836 had 8 notices for applicants as below, and Aris’s Birmingham Gazette on 26 September 1836 had 3 notices for applicants as transcription below.

 

To the MAGISTRATES

And Guardians of the Poor for the Parishes of West Bromwich,  Handsworth, Wednesbury, Oldbury, Worley, and Worley Wigorn.

GENTLEMEN,

I Take the Liberty of respectfully soliciting your votes and interest on behalf of myself and Mrs Taylor, for the situations of Governor and Matron of the Workhouse to this Union.                    The satisfactory manner in which we have filled similar situations in the parishes of Tettenhall and West Bromwich for the last eight years, will be offered to your notice in proof of our fitness for the discharge of the duties,

I remain, Gentlemen,     

Your obedient servant,

FRANCIS TAYLOR.

Workhouse, West Bromwich. Sept. 13 1836.

This was obviously a much bigger Union than Tettenhall as the figures in the Annual Poor Law Commissioners report shows.

Year ended 25 March 1837.

1.Total money levied – Tettenhall £934, West Bromwich £2483:

2.Expended for the relief of the Poor – Tettenhall £807, West Bromwich £1350;

3.Expended in Removals of Paupers, Law Charges etc – Tettenhall £12, West Bromwich £112;

4.Payments for or towards County Rates – Tettenhall £82, West Bromwich £67

5.Expended for all other purposes – Tettenhall £107, West Bromwich £740

6.Total Parochial Rates expended – Tettenhall £1008, West Bromwich £2269

Francis obviously got the job – 1841 Census- HO107/977 folio 40

Address- West Bromwich Workhouse, Wednesbury, West Bromwich

Francis Taylor age 40 Master born Staffordshire

Mary     Taylor age 35  Matron  born Staffordshire.

Elizabeth Martin Wheeler aged 4, A visitor. Born Staffordshire.

   Followed by a Clerk and a list of inmates.

However all was not well within the Union. Aris’s Birmingham Gazette on 17 June 1839 was reporting that in West Bromwich Poor Law Union 26 Guardians were refusing to Act in consequence of the restrictions of the Poor Law Commissioners.  Unfortunately it did not go into details but the Staffordshire Gazette and County Standard on 15 June 1839 had a similar report with the addition of – “The elder part of the inmates of the West Bromwich and Wednesbury workhouses are restrained from tobacco, and the whole from beer.

Whether it was as a consequence of this or not but when Francis wrote his Will on 10 Dec 1842 he is described as a Victualler of Walsall and he appoints his wife Mary and her brother Aaron Wheeler as executors. However it is possible that he continued to work as Master until his death on 15 July 1843 as the Guardians advertise for a new Master on 26 July.

I am confident that it is the same Francis writing the Will as was Master of the Workhouse. There were 2 marriages for a Francis Taylor to a Mary before 1841. However Francis’ application to be Master of the Workhouse in 1836 was also for his wife to be Matron, indicating that he was already married and therefore must be the one married in 1820. The other possible marriage had been in 1838 which was after the application. Mary Wheeler was baptised at St. Bartholomew, Wednesbury on 2 Feb 1802 and was the daughter of Joseph and Sarah Wheeler. Aaron her younger brother was baptised 25 Mar 1810.  The signature on the marriage appears similar to that on the Tettenhall vouchers. (Just to confuse the picture another Francis Taylor also married to a Mary had moved to Tettenhall by 1842 and was working as an Ag. Lab. but he was born in Shropshire and signed his name with an X at his marriage in 1838.)

On 5 Jan 1844 Mary obtained Probate on Francis Taylor’s Estate; value under £100

marriagesignatures     voucher-signature-cropped    willsignature    Signatures marriage 1820                voucher 1833                                    Will  1843

marysigprobate                                                                                                                  signature on Probate 1844

Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser 26 July 1843

WEST BROMWICH UNION

WANTED a GOVERNOR and MATRON for   

  the West Bromwich Workhouse, to enter upon their duties immediately.  The salary is £65 per annum, with the rations of the house.                                 Security with two individuals and the Governor in the sum of £200 will be required.                                                                                                                                The day of election is fixed for MONDAY, the 31st instant, at the Board Room at the DARTMOUTH HOTEL, WEST BROMWICH, at twelve o’clock in the forenoon. Testimonials, free of expense, to be sent to the Clerk on or before the 29th instant.                                                                                                                    Candidates must attend at the Board Room personally on the day of the election.  

Signed by order of the Board.

John Marshall, Clerk


Francis’ widow Mary married again at St. Bartholomew, Wednesbury on 30 Jan 1845. Marriage, Mary Taylor, age 42 a widow, her father Joseph Wheeler, a Coachsmith, to John Cumpston age 39 a widower, a miner, his father John Cumpston also a miner. Witnesses were Aaron Wheeler and Susannah Lees.

William Harper Brickmaker.

William Harper was born circa 1794 but his baptism is not obvious in St. Mary’s Parish Records, Uttoxeter. There are 2 baptisms but neither corresponds exactly to his calculated date of birth from the 1851 Census or his age at death. He was baptised either on 28 Aug 1782 the son of Thomas and Jane, or 1 Apr 1798 the son of John and Mary.

St. Mary’s parish records do record his marriage on 27 Jul 1813 when William Harper, bachelor (signed X) married Elizabeth Woodward spinster, both of this parish.

Eight children were baptised in St. Mary’s Uttoxeter, to William and Elizabeth. Most record William as a labourer but in 1815 and 1830 William is recorded as a Brickmaker

  1. 21 Oct1813 James
  2. 04 Dec 1815 Mary
  3. 03 Dec 1816 Ann
  4. 21 Nov1819 Emma
  5. 28 Oct 1821 Eliza
  6. 10 Nov 1821 William
  7. 30 Sep 1823 Elizabeth
  8. 16 Jun1830 Harriet
  9. 1842 Louisa does not appear to have been baptised in Uttoxeter but is in the civil registration index gro.gov.uk with a mother’s maiden name of Woodward.

 

William Harper was buried in St. Mary’s Uttoxeter, on 8 Oct 1859 aged 67

Elizabeth Harper was buried in St. Mary’s Uttoxeter on 26 April 1863 aged 75

 

1851 Census HO107/2010 folio 90             Address – Uttoxeter Heath, Uttoxeter                William    Harper, head age 56, occupation Brickmaker,      born Uttoxeter, Staffordshire        Elizabeth Harper, wife age 57,                                                       born Uttoxeter, Staffordshire     Harriet     Harper, daughter, age 21 unmarried                         born Uttoxeter, Staffordshire     Louisa     Harper, daughter, age 9 Scholar                                   born Uttoxeter, Staffordshire

(Next neighbour is George Wigley, butcher, of the Wigley Family Blog and supplier of meat to the Workhouse)

1861 Census RG9/ 1955 folio 19 sees Elizabeth recorded as a widow and she has moved to Church St. Uttoxeter with her daughter Louisa who married that day and had the dilemma of how to record her name. The enumerator added a note of explanation under the entry and recorded her name as Skett as she married the lodger William Skett, a joiner and carpenter.

The paupers vouchers in bundles D3891/6/35 and D3891/6/37 include several payments to William Harper in the 1830s relating to Bricks and Tiles at the Workhouse Brickyard. However by 31 Oct 1837 Thos. Parker’s name appears instead. The 25 Feb 1832 receipt has “X mark of William Harper” implying that he could not write.

Brickmaking appears to have been a source of income for the Overseers of the Poor of Uttoxeter.

For the most part, the entire process of brickmaking was carried on in the open air and was subject to the uncertainties of the weather. The clay usually was dug in the autumn or winter and left in heaps to break down the lumps and make it more easily worked. Tempering and moulding only commenced in March or April after the danger of winter frosts had passed. From then until the following autumn brickmakers worked extremely long hours, sometimes as much as thirteen hours a day, to maximize production during the spring and summer months (British Parliamentary Commission, hereafter BPP, Childrens’ Employment Commission 1866, p.103).

The newly moulded “green bricks” especially were vulnerable to damage. Before burning these usually were stacked in open-air hacks to dry for up to six weeks, protected from the weather by a covering of straw matting, tarpaulins and, later, wooden boards with louvres (Cox 1989, p.9).

[After drying they were burned either in open clamps or in Kilns. Uttoxeter Overseers allocate some payments to “Brickiln”]

Excise duties were levied on bricks and tiles. The tax was originally imposed by William Pitt in 1784, along with a similar duty on seabourne shipments of stone and slate, in order to repay debts incurred by the American War for Independence. But whereas taxes on stone and slate were eventually repealed (in 1823 and 1831 respectively), the brick duties were continually amended and increased. From the original tax of 2s.6d. per thousand, the amount had doubled by 1802 with 5s. 10d. charged per thousand on ordinary bricks and 12s. 10d.for polished bricks (24 Geo. III.c.24. and 45 Geo.III.c.30.). In 1839 the Commission on Excise Inquiry repealed the previous acts and replaced them with new duties containing exact specifications relating to their collection and payment (2 & 3 Vic.c.24.). The new acts placed a duty of 5s. 10d, on all bricks not exceeding 150 cubic inches and 10s, on bricks over that size. Each brick manufacturer was required by law to register with the excise officer in his district who then was allowed to enter the brickfield at any time to inspect and count the bricks while they were drying. In addition, the act stated that “all bricks whilst drying shall be placed in such a manner that the officer may readily and securely take an account of them; penalty for placing the bricks irregularly, £50.” (2 & 3 Vic.c.24. Clause viii). All bricks found to be burned before being charged with duty also were subject to a fine of £50. While computing the duty to be paid, ten per cent was automatically allowed for bricks that were subsequently damaged. An immediate effect of the duties was a substantial increase in the price of bricks. The regulations that were intended to facilitate the administration of the act also placed particular hardships on the manufacturers. The precise requirements for arranging the bricks while drying may have assisted the excise officers in their calculations, but they also had the effect in many cases of hindering production. During the campaign to repeal the duties in the 1840’s, one author commented: “Even when the officers visit the works once a day, the inconveniences and loss to the operative at work are ever recurring. They are bound to lay their moulded clay down on certain spaces, and on those only, from which they must not remove the pieces until account had been taken of them for duty. Nor must they lay more on those given spaces than the officer allows; if full, they must stop work” (The Builder 1849, p.449). There were attempts to evade these restrictions despite the risk of penalty. One brickmaker described how sometimes false floors to conceal bricks were made in the drying sheds, but they were discovered frequently by a surprise visit by the excise official, who then ordered the brickfield owner to forfeit the fine (Wescombe 1893).[i]

Using the information above, the Duty on ordinary Bricks in 1802 was 5s 10d per thousand and the vouchers record a payment of duty on bricks on 27 July 1837 as £12 16s 8d this would work out as Duty on 44,000 bricks so it was quite a large production.  There were various other costs involved such as coal to burn the bricks as per voucher[ii] dated 28 Aug 1830 when they bought 7 loads of Coals for the Brickyard at £11 13s 9 ¼d from Charles Hales. Then there was the payment on Jan 1831 for 280 yds of clay costing £2 13s 4d[iii] and Aug 1831 for 150 yds of Clay and Sunday Work costing £3 17s 11d[iv]. Another voucher[v]  dated 9 Aug 1830 bought Cloths for Brickyard from Sam. Turner at £1 12s 0d. and a Voucher[vi] dated 30 Dec1830 bought Shovels & Spades for Brickiln from Porter & Keates at £1 12s 8d (presumably to dig the clay)

The Annual accounts 1830-1[vii]  show that the amount of cash received on the Brickyard Account was £270 1s 4d and £248 10s 8d was expended which gave a profit of £21 10s 8d. Whilst 1831-2[viii] shows that the amount had risen to £420 4s 3d received, and £318 5s 7d expended giving a profit of £101 18s 8d.

[i] BRICK Making  – Nineteenth century brickmaking innovations in Britain: building and technological change by Kathleen Ann Watt (A Thesis Submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy The University of York The Institute of Advanced Architectural Studies September, 1990) http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/4248/1/DX094368.pdf

[ii] D3891/6/35/2/26

[iii] D3891/6/35/3/17

[iv] D3891/6/37/5/18

[v] D3891/6/35/2/25

[vi] D3891/6/35/3/22

[vii] D3891/6/35/5/9

[viii] D3891/6/37/Accounts

Wigley Family of Uttoxeter.

Henry Wigley born circa 1756.

Henry was married at Uttoxeter, St. Mary’s on 26 Mar 1783. Henry Wigley was a bachelor when he married Sarah Dutton at Uttoxeter. Both were residents of this parish, with witnesses William Banks and William Smith.

They then had the following children:-

  1. 3 April 1785 Grace baptised at Draycott in the Moors PR St. Margaret
  2. 3 Sept 1787 John Baptised at Draycott in the Moors, St. Margaret.
  3. 31 Jan 1790 Ann baptised at Draycott in the Moors, St. Margaret.
  4. 19 Nov 1792 George Baptised at Uttoxeter, St. Mary’s
  5. 11 Jan 1797 Thomas Baptised at Uttoxeter St. Mary’s
  6. 7 Apr 1799 Charles Baptised at Uttoxeter St. Mary’s
  7. 8 April 1801 Josiah baptised at Uttoxeter St. Mary’s

It then appears that Sarah died and Henry married another Sarah, and this does appear to be the same Henry as a witness at the second marriage was Thomas Dutton who was presumably a relative of Henry’s first wife.

Seen as Banns at St. Mary’s Uttoxeter and marriage at St. Edwards, Cheddleton

Marriage 27 Dec 1802 Henry Wigley of the parish of Uttoxeter to Sarah Locket signed X, Banns. Wit: Thomas Dutton and Elizabeth Eve. Minister Edward Powys. No Marital status recorded.

St. Mary’s Uttoxeter have the baptism of the following children to this couple.

  1. Bapt 3 Feb 1804 Frederick
  2. 26 Oct 1805 Sarah
  3. 23 Sept 1807 John. This John Mar. 5 Oct 1837 to Mary Ann Booth. Occ. Cheese skin manufacturer.
  4. 27 Apr 1810 Ann
  5. Burial 15 Apr 1812 Sarah Wigley – could be mother or daughter.

Henry Wigley mentioned as a Maw Dealer in 1828/9 in the post about Uttoxeter and Cheese.

Henry Wigley was buried in St. Mary’s Uttoxeter at age 90 on 18 Jun 1846 giving a date of birth about 1756

1834 White’s Directory under Butchers lists George Wigley High St, John Wigley High St. and Josiah Wigley Church St. Also John Wigley had the Cock Inn.  Frederick Wigley was a Cheese Skin maker. Josiah Wigley also listed as a Dyer.

1835 Pigot’s Directory lists under Butchers  George Wigley High St, John Wigley High St. and Josiah Wigley, Cotton Mill. Josiah also listed as a Cheese Factor. John also listed at the Cock Inn.

John and George Wigley both supplied meat to the Overseers of the Poor in Uttoxeter.

John Wigley

Note that Henry had a child named John with both wives. The elder John son of Sarah Dutton married on 21 April 1813 at St Mary’s, Uttoxeter when John Wigley, bachelor married Hannah Armishaw, spinster. Both of this parish, Wit; Tho. Ede and Ann Wigley

John and Hannah according to the census entries had several children

1841 Census HO107/1007 folio 7

Address- High Street, Uttoxeter,

First name(s) Last name Gender Age Occupation Birth place
John Wigley 50 Victualler STS
Hannah Wigley 50 STS
Ann Wigley 20 STS
Sarah Wigley 20 STS
Charles Wigley 14 STS
William Dudley 7 STS
John Wigley junr 15 STS

1851 Census Ho107/2010 folio 73

Address High Street, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire

Name Last name Relationship Gender Age Occupation Birth place
John Wigley  Head 63 Farmer And Butcher Draycott, Staffordshire
Hannah Wigley Wife 63 Stramshall, Staffs
William Dudley Grand Son Male 18 Assists His Grand Father Uttoxeter, Staffordshire
James Dudley Grand Son Male 15 Assists His Grand Father Uttoxeter, Staffordshire
Joseph Dudley Grand Son Male 13 Scholar Uttoxeter, Staffordshire

There was another child – Baptism at St. Mary’s Uttoxeter on 11 Sept 1816 John s/o John and Hannah Wigley, Butcher Buried 4 Feb 1817 age 6 moths

John was buried at St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter on 11 Aug 1852 aged 67 (DOB 1785)

Lichfield Wills calendar. Index to Death duty registers 30 Aug 1852 John Wigley of Uttoxeter with ADM to John Wigley. £50

Hannah out-lived John and the 1861 census RG09/1931 folio 10, reveals that Hannah went to live with her Daughter Ann at Church Street, Stoke upon Trent, Hanley Stoke-Upon-Trent,

William Henry Mossley a cow keeper and Town Crier and his wife Ann have with them William’s mother in law Hannah Wigley  aged 79.  Also Richard Thos. Dudley, nephew age 7 born Stoke.

 

George Wigley

1841 Census HO107/1007 folio 14

Address – High Street, Uttoxeter.

First name(s) Last name Age Occupation Birth place
George Wigley 45 Butcher Staffordshire
Isabella Wigley 45 Not born Sts
John Wigley 15 Staffordshire
George Wigley 12 Staffordshire
Henry Wigley 10 Staffordshire
Charles Wigley 8 Staffordshire

 

1851 Census.HO107/2010 folio 91

Address – Uttoxeter Heath, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire,

Name(s) Last name Age Occupation Birth place
George Wigley 57 Butcher & Innkeeper Stramshall,Sts.
Isabella Wigley 57 Lazonby, Cumb.
George Wigley 23 Milkseller Bramshall
Charles Wigley 21 Butcher Uttoxeter
Henry Wigley 19 Butcher Uttoxeter
Isabella Henderson 20 Dress Maker Lazonby, Cumb.
John Johnson 63 Butcher Uttoxeter
Edward Chatfield 19 Butcher’s Servant Uttoxeter

George Wigley was buried in St. Mary’s Uttoxeter on 23 March 1865 aged 73.

Josiah Wigley although listed in the 1834 and 35 Trade Directories as a Butcher appears to have changed occupation.

1841 Census HO107/ 1007 folio 9

Address Leasows, Uttoxter, Staffordshire

first name last name gender age occupation born
Josiah Wigley male 40 Farmer Staffs
Mary Wigley Female 35 Staffs
Eliza Wigley Female 14 Staffs
Maria Wigley Female 12 Staffs
Mary Wigley Female 11 Staffs
Ellen Wigley Female 7 Staffs
Andrew Wigley male 4 Staffs
Rosana Wigley Female 1 Staffs
William Holmes male 39 Agent Staffs

 

1851 Census HO107/2010 folio 160

Address – Spiceal St. Uttoxeter.

 

First name(s) Last name Relationship Marital status Age Occupation Birth place
Josiah Wigley Head Married 50 Tanner, Fellmonger & Cheese Factor Stramshall, Sts
Mary Ann Wigley Wife Married 45 Uttoxeter, Sts
Mary Ann Wigley Dau. Unm. 20 Uttoxeter, Sts
Ellen Wigley Dau. Unm. 16 Uttoxeter, Sts
Rosanna Wigley Dau. 11 Uttoxeter, Sts
Sarah Wigley Dau. 9 Uttoxeter, Sts
Josiah Stelle Wigley Son 7 Uttoxeter, Sts
Martha G Wigley Dau. 4 Uttoxeter, Sts
Arthur B Wigley Son 2 Uttoxeter, Sts

Not found in the 1861 Census. Wife Mary Ann Wigley buried Uttoxeter 30 Jan 1859 age 51

George Hammond, Uttoxeter Wharf, 1792 – 1835

George Hammond was baptised at St. Bartholomew, Norton in the Moors on 16 Sept 1792 the only son, and second of 4 children to James and Hannah Hammond. At the time of George’s baptism they were residing at Woodhouse Lane but there was no occupation given for James. His sisters were:-

  1. Mary bapt 4 Sept 1791
  2. Anna bapt 13 Nov 1796
  3. Edna bapt 22 Mar 1801

George Hammond, Boatman, of Norton married Elizabeth Bourne, also of Norton, at St. Peter’s, Stoke on Trent on 27 Dec 1814

Only one child has been found for George and that was Ann, who was baptised just before their marriage on 30 May 1814 as Ann daughter of George Hammond and Elizabeth Bourne of Baddeley Edge.  (Baddeley Edge and Norton in the Moors are quite close together)

The Derby Mercury on 21 October 1835 announced his death –  “On Sunday the 4th inst., greatly respected, Mr. George Hammond of the Wharf, Uttoxeter” and according to St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter, Parish Records, he was buried on 6 Oct 1835 age 45.

There is no record of exactly when George and Elizabeth moved to Uttoxeter but amongst the pauper’s vouchers[i] George signs several receipts for large amounts of coal supplied to the Workhouse brick kiln through 1830 and 1831. With an additional one in an account book for 1824-28[ii] with an unspecified date, when George Hammond was paid £73 13s 3½ d. for supplying coal to the brickyard from Sparrow and Hales. (https://www.measuringworth.com/ukcompare/ calculates that £73 13s 3½ d in 1828 converts to around £5,690.00 in 2015’s value.)

The ones in 1830 show he was agent for Charles Hales and later in 1831 he was also agent for Richard Godwin and Co.                                                                                                             White’s 1834 Trade Directory lists Geo. Hammond as agent for Sparrow & Co. Coal Merchant at Canal Wharf. (This was 1 of 3 Coal merchants at Uttoxeter Wharf, the others being Hazlecross Coal Co. agent Sampson Rhead and Woodhead Coal Co. agent John Bould)

Piggot & Co 1835 Trade Directory under Coal Dealers has George Hammond agent for Charles Hales, Uttoxeter Wharf.

Possibly George and Elizabeth went to Uttoxeter Wharf when the Tramroad from Cheadle opened in 1827.

The following timeline is according to http://www.churnet.co.uk/timeline.htm

1807 Ten years after the first Act of Parliament, construction of the Uttoxeter Canal finally starts.                                                                                                                                                            1808 Construction of the Woodhead Tramroad begins, to carry coal from the Woodhead Colliery, near Cheadle, to the Uttoxeter Canal at East Wall.                                                        1811 On Tuesday the 3rd of September, the Uttoxeter Canal finally reaches Uttoxeter.     1812 Construction of the Woodhead Tramroad runs out of money and a half share is offered for sale. There are no takers.                                                                                                                 1827 Alton Wire Mill opens and the Woodhead Tramroad is finally completed.

(The Uttoxeter Canal was not profitable and closed in the mid 1840s.)

Herbert A Chester in his book Cheadle Coal Town (ISBN 0 9506686 1 3) published a map of the Tramway showing how the Woodhead Colliery and other Cheadle Collieries sent the coal to Uttoxeter wharf.

woodhead-tramway

This Tramway is now disused but its path can be found in places.

geograph-4616502-by-ian-calderwoodtramway

http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/4616502 The Gibridding Incline on the Woodhead Tramroad for SK0344                                                                                                                                “One of the paths through Gibridding Wood follows part of the line of the Gibridding Incline. An inclined plane was required to let coal wagons down from the valley side to the valley bottom. This incline was probably self-acting, in which the descending loaded wagons are linked to ascending empties by a continuous rope or chain, controlled by a brake. The loaded wagons, with their greater weight, thus, pull the empties up as they descend.”

As well as coal George had other irons in the fire as is shown by an advertisement in the Staffordshire Advertiser on 13 February 1830 “TO be SOLD, at Uttoxeter Wharf, three BOATS, suitable for the carriage of coals or limestone.— For particulars, apply to George Hammond, or Wm. Ratcliffe.                                                                                                                  N.B.—All persons who stand indebted to Mr. James Bell for Lime are requested to pay their accounts to George Hammond, Uttoxeter, 8 Feb 1830”

(NB James Bell was a local Banker)

This suggests that George may have been the Manager of the wharf (Wharfinger) 

After George’s death in 1835 his widow Elizabeth continued working as a coal dealer at Uttoxeter Wharf according to the 1841 Census when she was there with her daughter Ann.

Whether it was after the marriage of her daughter in 1844 (at Uttoxeter) when Ann Bourne Hammond daughter of George Hammond deceased, married Samuel Cave Fidgeon of Cannock, a Farmer, or the closure of the canal but by the 1851 census Elizabeth has moved back to Baddeley Edge, Norton in the Moors. There Elizabeth Hammond, widow age 55, was running a small farm and gave her birth place as Norton [presumably Norton in the Moors] Next door to her was Ralph Mellart Smith and Edna Smith who have with them Ralph’s Father in Law, James Hammond, aged 83 a proprietor of houses. Edna is probably George’s sister and James his Father.

Elizabeth remained there until her death in 1886. Elizabeth Hammond of Baddeley Edge was buried 7 Sept 1886 aged 93, at St. Philip & St. James, Milton

[i] Stafford Record Office Ref. D3891/35/6/with various sub bundles

[ii] D 3891/6/36/8/29

Sarah Webberley 1766 – 1830

Sarah was born Sarah Corden and was the second of 4 Children of Arthur and Elizabeth Corden.

  1. Mary Bapt 10 May 1764
  2. Sarah bapt 6 July 1766
  3. Arthur bapt 19 Sept 1770
  4. William Bapt 29 July 1773

Edward Webberley a bachelor had married Jenny Cordwell a widow by Licence on 4 Dec 1793 at Uttoxeter, when his occupation is given as Shoemaker.  However the 1791 Universal Directory of Britain lists Edward Webberley, Victualler, so either he had dual occupations or the Marriage Licence is an error.

Children of Edward and Jenny Webberley.

  1. Mary bapt 5 Nov 1795, buried 28 Nov 1796
  2. Mary bapt 12 Jun 1797
  3. Sarah bapt 8 Aug 1804

Jenny buried as Jane Webberley, wife of Edward 5 Dec 1805 at St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter.

Sarah married rather late in life at the age of 42 on 7 March 1808 when she married Edward Webberley, a widower at St. Mary’s Uttoxeter. According to the Marriage Licence Sarah Corden was spinster and Edward gave his occupation as Victualler.

No evidence has been found for any children from the marriage of Edward and Sarah.

Edward Webberley died Intestate, on 20 Aug 1830 with Goods to the value of £600. Administration was to Sarah Webberley, his widow, whose signature appears on the papers.

Edward was buried in St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter on 24 Aug 1830 aged 66

Sarah presumably continued to run the business left by her Husband as White’s 1834 Directory lists her as running the Union Public House on Uttoxeter Heath.

Uttoxeter Paupers Vouchers reference D3891/6/37/12/51, dated 8 Sep 1832 shows 9 gallons of Ale delivered to the Workhouse at a cost of 15 shillings; receipt signed by Sarah Wibberley. The name appears to be written variously as Wibberley and Webberley, sometimes both in the same document.

 

Sarah Webberley died 18 Sept 1839 whilst visiting relations in Stafford  (Mary Corden married Thomas Bromley on 20 Jan 1830).

Staffordshire Gazette and County Standard 21 September 1839

On Wednesday, an inquest was held before the same Coroner, [Robert Fowke] at the Wagon & Horses on the body of Mrs. Sarah Wibberley, Aged 73.
Deceased had been for the last five weeks on a visit to Mr. Thomas Bromley. She retired to rest the previous night a little before ten o’clock apparently in her usual state of health, only complaining of a pain in her arm: but on the servant going to call her the next morning, she was found a corpse quite cold.

Verdict, ” Died by the visitation of God.”

Sarah died leaving a Will written 4 Jan 1838.

In this she left several bequests;-

  1. £100 to Ellen Corden d/o her late nephew Arthur Corden. Payable when she is 21.
  2. £19 19s 6d to Edward Pegg, s/o George Pegg to be paid at her brother’s decease.
  3. £19 19s 6d to Thomas Chatfield the elder, Joiner, residing at the Heath. To be paid at her brother’s decease.
  4. £19 19s 6d to her trusty servant Robert Abberley in addition to his yearly wages.
  5. All her household, Messuages, Dwelling houses, land Tenements, yards, Gardens, Stables, Barnes, Outbuildings, hereditaments and premises belonging in the Parish of Uttoxeter to her beloved brother Arthur Corden and his heirs.
  6. Her personal estate, household goods and chattels and cattle, unto him [presumably Arthur Corden]

Arthur Corden executor.

Signed Sarah Webberley [very shakey.]

Wit; Elizabeth Lowndes, Mary Branich, Chas Smyth.

Proved at Shrewsbury 23 Oct 1840

Under £200

The beneficiaries of Sarah’s Will;-

Ellen Corden was Baptised in Uttoxeter, on 27th Feb 1828 the daughter of Arthur and Ellen Corden and Arthur was a Maltster. (Arthur was buried in Uttoxeter on 26 April 1831 aged 27)

Thomas Chatfield was the husband of Sarah’s Step daughter.

Staffordshire Advertiser 12 December 1829

Marriage – “On Wednesday last, Mr. Thomas Chatfield, joiner, Uttoxeter, to Sarah, youngest daughter of Mr. Edward Wibberlev. of the Heath, near Uttoxeter.”

Edward Pegg – no relationship proved but he was baptised in St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter as Edward Webberley Pegg on 31 July 1819 son of George and Jane Pegg.

George Pegg, a widower and Auctioneer was married to Jane Dudley, Widow at Uttoxeter on  26 Feb 1811. Witnesses were Edward and Sarah Webberley.

Arthur Corden – Sarah’s younger brother; Arthur was married and had several children and was Farming at Haughmond, Salop when he died in 1856. His Will indicates that he inherited the Union Inn, Uttoxeter from Sarah and he left it to his son Richard Corden.

How long Arthur had been in Shropshire is unknown but he appears to have been in Uttoxeter in 1825 as evidenced by the following unless they refer to his son.

Staffordshire Advertiser 11 June 1825 SALE

LOT 2.—All that Dwelling-House, with parlour, kitchen, bed rooms, brewhouse, cellar, and garden, as, and adjoining lot 1, in the occupation
of Mr. Arthur Corden, with the addition of a ladder-shed, and potatoe-cave; together with a Building (lying to the same), used by Mr. Joseph Cartledge as a hatter’s-shop, and which might at a small expence, be converted into a dwelling house.

Staffordshire Advertiser 26 November 1825

For sale at Uttoxeter by Auction by Mr Pegg. On 7th Dec.

ALL those two complete MESSUAGES, (having sashed fronts), situate in Bradley Street, Uttoxeter, tenanted by Mrs. Chivere and Mr. Arthur Corden; and also two Dwelling-Houses lying behind the same, occupied by Mr. William Hubbard and Mr. John Tabbernor; together with a stable, gig house, slaughter-house, piggeries, ladder-shed, potatoe-cave, large garden, and other conveniences thereto, rented by different persons.

The premises are in good repair, situation desirable, and will be offered for sale, so as the investment will pay near 7/- per cent, and if more suitable to a purchaser, the
whole, (or any part) of the purchase monies, may remain on satisfactory security, at a reasonable rate of interest
The same may be viewed by applying to the said William Hubbard and particulars had on reference to Mr. HUBBARD, Cheadle.

Absalom Payne, Police Constable

Jpeg

Doc. Ref. D3891/6/45/2/11

Absalom Payne was born circa 1791 – 1794 in Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire.  On 14 Aug 1814 he married Gertrude Smith of Earls Barton, Northamptonshire and they had at least 2 children.

Gertrude pre-deceased her husband in 1855 and Absalom died in the December Quarter 1868 age 77.

Absalom Payne first came to our attention in August 1838 when he was paid 6s for “services” by William Williams the Parish Constable of Uttoxeter, who went to Northampton to “fetch John Buckley”. William Williams refers to Absalom Payne as “Police Constable”.

The 1841 Census reveals that Absalom Payne’s occupation was listed as “Night Police” whilst in the 1851 Census he is a “Police Constable”. By the 1861 census he had left the police Force and was working as a Baker.  (His son William was also a Baker)

Absalom must have been one of the earliest Police Constables according to a web site[i] about the Northampton Police which says:-

The Government passed an 1835 Act which gave town councils the responsibility of forming full-time professional police forces – this was six years after the creation of the Met Police in London.
As a result, separate police forces were created in Northampton and Daventry. The first chief constable of the Northampton Borough Police was the Northampton-born Joseph Ball, who remained in the position until 1851 when he retired with a pension of £35 a year. Initially, the Northampton force had one superintendent and 24 police constables, who worked in a primitive shift system and were paid either 12 shillings or 14 shillings a week, depending on the time of year. This was regarded as a low wage at the time, especially as the role involved working shifts at night.
The[ii] very first police station in Northampton was in Dychurch Lane, it then moved to Fish Street.
William Williams’ Bill for his expenses does not indicate if the 6 shillings to Absalom Payne was paid directly to him in addition to Absalom’s salary or paid to the Police Force itself.

[i] http://www.northantstelegraph.co.uk/lifestyle/nostalgia/retro-history-of-northamptonshire-police-1-5801126

[ii] http://www.northamptonchron.co.uk/news/the-chron-looks-back-at-what-life-was-once-life-for-northampton-s-prisoners-1-3482631

John Taylor Shoe maker 1785- 1833.

John Taylor was baptised in St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter on 27 April 1785 and was the eldest son of John and Hannah Taylor.

Baptisms of the children of John and Hannah Taylor

  1. Elizabeth 14 June 1784
  2. John 27 April 1785
  3. Samuel 18 Oct 1789
  4. Hannah 4 Mar 1792
  5. Dorothy 2 Feb 1794
  6. Joseph 29 Jan 1797
  7. Thomas 24 Sept 1800

The Parish Registers of St. Mary, Uttoxeter do not have any marriage for him and no children were baptised to him. But they have his burial on 17 Dec 1833 Age 47 [DOB 1786]

Registered wills and original wills, administrations and inventories, 1494-1860, and, act books, 1532-1638 for Diocese of Lichfield Episcopal Consistory Court has an entry for John Taylor of Uttoxeter 23 April 1834. His Will of 9 Dec 1833 reveals that he was a Shoe manufacturer  in the High Street and leaves everything to his brother Joseph.

Index to Death Duty Registers 1796-1903 Ref. Nat. Arch. IR27/231 shows that Probate for John Taylor deceased, was to Joseph Taylor of Uttoxeter but there is no value of the estate.

John Taylor was a shoe maker, and was paid by the Uttoxeter Overseers for both repairing shoes and supplying new shoes for the Paupers. He was also was paid for Bristles, Hemp and wax.  The pay for soling and heeling a pair of girl’s shoes on 11 Feb 1832 was 1 shilling and 10d whereas, new shoes for James Bett’s wife on 12 March 1832 were 6 shillings. Presumably the price was according to size as Joseph Harper’s son’s new shoes were 8 shillings on 17 March 1832

John Taylor presumably took over the business from his Father as John Taylor senior was also a shoemaker according to the 1791 Universal Directory of Britain, and he appears to be buried in St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter on 11 Oct 1812. His marriage licence also records him as a shoe maker age 40, when he married Hannah Smith age 21, from Tamworth on 24 Feb 1783 at St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter.  Hannah was buried 18 Oct 1827 in St. Mary’s, Uttoxeter.